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Table 1 Indications for Tracheostomy

From: Ten-year experiences with Tracheostomy at a University teaching hospital in Northwestern Tanzania: A retrospective review of 214 cases

Indications Pathological causes Frequency Percentages
Upper airway obstruction   178 83.2
  Traumatic 98 55.1
     - Severe head injuries 69 70.4
     - Foreign body aspiration 13 13.3
     - Severe maxillofacial injuries 9 9.2
     - Cut throat 7 7.1
  Neoplastic 70 39.3
     - Laryngeal tumors 60 85.7
     - Thyroid cancer 4 5.7
     - Other neck tumors 6 8.6
  Infections 18 10.1
     - Tetanus 16 88.9
     - Retropharyngeal abscess 2 11.1
  Congenital lesions 2 1.1
     - Laryngeal web 1 50.0
     - Laryngeal stenosis 1 50.0
Mechanical ventilator support/
Tracheobronchial toileting
  26 9.3
  Prolonged ventilation 24 92.3
  Diaphragmatic Injury 2 7.7
Adjunct to head and neck surgeries   4 1.9
  Anticipated difficult intubation 4 100.0
Others   6 1.9
  Post-thyroidectomy tracheomalacia 3 50.0
  ? Gullein Barre syndrome 1 16.7
  Failed endotracheal intubation 1 16.7
  Cause not established 1 16.7