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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population and laparoscopy diagnoses

From: Routine ultrasound examination by OB/GYN residents increase the accuracy of diagnosis for emergency surgery in gynecology

  Overall population N=234 Surgical emergencies N=139 Benign emergencies N=95
Age in years, mean±SD 31.3 ± 7.0 31.9 ± 6.9 30.5 ± 7.1
Gravidity, median [range] 2 [0–9] 2 [0–9] 1 [0–6]*
Parity, median [range] 1 [0–6] 1 [0–6] 0 [0–4]*
Contraception, n (%) 65 (27.9) 37 (26.8) 28 (29.5)
Pain NRS score at admission, mean±SD 6.7 ± 2.6 6.9 ± 2.6 6.4 ± 2.5
Positive hCG test, n (%) 150 (64.1) 97 (69.8) 53 (55.8)
Laparoscopy diagnosis    
Ectopic pregnancy, n (%) 136 (58.1) 91 (65.5) 45 (47.4)
Pelvic inflammatory disease, n (%) 31 (13.2) 25 (18.0) 6 (6.3)
Adnexal torsion, n (%) 15 (6.4) 15 (10.8) NA
Appendicitis, n (%) 4 (1.7) 4 (2.9) NA
Ruptured hemorrhagic cyst, n (%) 5 (3.0) 2 (1.4) 3 (5.3)
Other diagnosis, n (%) 36 (15.0) 2 (1.4) 34 (34.7)
Normal, n (%) 7 (2.6) NA 7 (6.3)
  1. Surgical emergencies were ectopic pregnancies with tubal rupture or active bleeding or cardiac activity or hemoperitoneum over 300 mL; pelvic inflammatory disease complicated with pyosalpinx, tubo-ovarian abscess, or pelvic peritonitis; adnexal torsion; hemorrhagic ovarian cyst rupture with hemoperitoneum exceeding 300 mL; appendicitis; and intestinal obstruction.
  2. Benign emergencies were conditions expected to resolve spontaneously or with appropriate medical treatment.
  3. NRS, numerical rating scale for pain severity; hCG, human chorionic gonadotropin; NA, not applicable; SD, standard deviation; NRS, Numerical rating scale; hCG, serum human chorionic gonadotrophin; NA, not applicable.
  4. *P<0.05, Student’s t test; †P<0.05, Chi-square; ‡ Intestinal obstruction; ‡ uncomplicated ovarian cysts or intracystic hemorrhage.