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Table 3 Pain characterization and presenting symptoms

From: Early recognition of acute thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm

Variable TAA/TAD Control P-value
Total patients 136 (%) 136 (%)  
Location of Pain    
Chest 64 (47) 115 (85) <0.0001*
Head and Neck 5 (4) 23 (17) 0.0007*
Abdominal 33 (24) 24 (18) 0.08
Extremity 15 (11) 18 (13) 0.71
Back 33 (24) 21 (15) 0.09
Type of Pain    
Pressure/Tight 4 (5) 34 (37) <0.0001*
Squeezing 8 (10) 6 (7) 0.56
Heavy 1 (1) 7 (8) 0.11
Sharp 14 (18) 20 (22) 0.65
Migrating 27 (35) 34 (37) 0.38
No pain 22 (28) 0 (0) <0.0001*
Duration    
Increasing 21 (23) 2 (2) <0.0001*
Sudden 10 (11) 2 (2) 0.0165*
Persistent 7 (6) 13 (12) 0.43
Constant 36 (37) 31 (37) 0.14
Decreasing 2 (2) 4 (4) 0.84
Intermittent 21 (22) 32 (38) 0.38
Symptoms    
Shortness of Breath 48 (42) 70 (51) 0.01*
Palpitation 3 (2) 12 (9) 0.03*
Dizziness 3 (2) 17 (13) 0.0025*
Dysphagia 3 (3) 0 (0) 0.25
Chills 7 (5) 10 (7) 0.62
Fever 10 (7) 11 (8) 1
Nausea 33 (24) 42 (31) 0.28
Emesis 19 (14) 20 (15) 1
Diaphoresis 16 (12) 21 (15) 0.48
Constipation 5 (5) 1 (1) 0.22
Cough 16 (12) 21 (15) 0.48
Weakness 13 (10) 18 (13) 0.45
Altered Mental Status 9 (8) 4 (3) 0.26
Syncope 21 (15) 20 (15) 1
Wheezing 3 (3) 3 (3) 0.68
  1. TAA = thoracic aortic aneurysm, TAD = thoracic aortic dissection.
  2. *Signifies statistical significance.