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Table 4 Physical examination and x-ray results

From: Early recognition of acute thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm

Variable TAA/TAD Control P-value
Total patients 136 (%) 136 (%)  
Physical Exam    
Focal Neurological Deficit 8 (6) 1 (1) 0.04*
Heart Murmur 11 (8) 5 (4) 0.19
Aortic Regurgitation 2 (2) 0 (0) 0.48
Irregular Rhythm 5 (5) 2 (1) 0.44
Heart Rate    
Normal 92 (68) 115 (86) 0.03*
Tachycardia (>120/min) 20 (15) 12 (9) 0.19
Bradycardia (< 60/min) 24 (18) 7 (5) 0.002*
Respiratory Rate    
Normal 63 (47) 105 (78) <0.0001*
Tachypnea (>24/min) 72 (53) 29 (22) <0.0001*
Bradypnea (<8/min) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1
Temperature    
Normal 114 (91) 122 (95) 0.29
Hyperthermic (> 39 C) 8 (6) 4 (3) 0.35
Hypothermic (< 36 C) 3 (2) 2 (2) 1
Systolic Blood Pressure    
Normal 58 (44) 61 (46) 0.84
Hypertensive (> 180 mmHg) 64 (47) 65 (49) 0.92
Hypotensive (SBP < 80 mmHg) 11 (8) 8 (6) 0.62
Diastolic Blood Pressure    
Normal 78 (59) 90 (67) 0.22
Hypertensive (>120 mmHg) 41 (31) 34 (25) 0.37
Hypotensive (<60 mmHg) 14 (11) 10 (7) 0.50
Chest X-Ray    
Widened Mediastinum 41 (52) 26 (45) 0.005*
Tortuous Aorta 21 (27) 17 (29) 0.28
Cardiomegaly 17 (16) 15 (15) 0.49
  1. TAA = thoracic aortic aneurysm, TAD = thoracic aortic dissection.
  2. *Signifies statistical significance.