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Table 2 Soft clinical signs in n = 113 patients with arterial vascular injuries

From: Penetrating arterial trauma to the limbs: outcome of a modified protocol

Clinical signs* Femoral Popliteal Axillary Brachial Total
  all pts: n = 34 all pts: n = 25 all pts: n = 10 all pts: n = 47 all pts: n = 113
  pts [n] pts [%] pts [n] pts [%] pts [n] pts [%] pts [n] pts [%] pts [n] pts [%]
Nonexpanding H. 7 21% 1 4% 2 2% 3 6% 13 12%
Paraesth./Paresis 6 18% 6 24% 6 60% 17 36% 35 31%
Decreased pulses 5 15% 3 12% 1 10% 11 23% 20 18%
  1. Seven of the patients underwent immediate amputation. *Please note that multiple signs are possible. Pts = patients; Nonexpanding H. = patients with nonexpanding hematoma; Paraesth./Paresis = paraesthesia and / or paresis of the extremity in the awake patient.