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Table 1 Demographic data and initial ED condition of patients

From: Risk factors for late death of patients with abdominal trauma after damage control laparotomy for hemostasis

  Survival (mean±SD, n-=39) Late death (mean±SD, n=11) p
Gender (M/F) 30/9 10/1 n.s.
Age (y/o) 33.3 ± 4.98 42.8 ± 13.0 n.s.
Transfer (Y/N) 27/12 7/4 n.s.
Time from accident (min) 162 ± 46.4 136 ± 53.1 n.s.
Blunt injury (Y/N) 35/4 9/2 n.s.
BT (°C) 36.0 ± 0.41 35.0 ± 0.83 0.017
HR (/min) 111.3 ± 8.52 100.5 ± 25.5 n.s.
RR (/min) 21.8 ± 2.44 21.1 ± 4.28 n.s.
SBP (mmHg) 90.1 ± 12.0 76.8 ± 28.2 n.s.
DBP (mmHg) 57.8 ± 8.68 43.2 ± 20.9 n.s.
GCS < =8 (Y/N) 7/32 6/5 0.023
RTS 6.31 ± 0.45 4.89 ± 1.24 0.032
CPCR at ED (Y/N) 0/39 3/8 0.008
Hb (g/dl) 9.98 ± 0.83 9.08 ± 1.90 n.s.
pH 7.29 ± 0.03 7.09 ± 0.13 0.004
HCO3 (meq/l) 18.6 ± 1.42 16.6 ± 0.13 n.s.
BE (mmol/l) −7.96 ± 1.65 −13.2 ± 4.16 0.026
INR 1.72 ± 0.22 2.21 ± 0.68 n.s.
ISS 30.4 ± 4.70 32.1 ± 9.04 n.s.
Total laparotomy times 2.28 ± 1.45 2.27 ± 0.93 n.s.
  1. Statistical significant was defined as p < 0.05. SD, standard deviation; BT, Body temperature; HR, Heart rate; RR, Respiratory rate; SBP, Systolic blood pressure; DBP, Diastolic blood pressure; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; RTS, Revised trauma score; CPCR, Cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation; Hb, Hemoglobin; BE, Base excess; INR, International normalized ratio, for prothrombin time; ISS, Injury severity score.