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Table 3 Early clinical parameters and organ support system application in ICU

From: Risk factors for late death of patients with abdominal trauma after damage control laparotomy for hemostasis

  Survival (mean ± SD, n = 39) Late death (mean ± SD, n = 11) p
APACHI II 14.8 ± 1.33 22.4 ± 3.19 0.000
Best GCS > = 8 (Y/N) 37/2 6/5 0.004
Inotropic agent use (Y/N) 7/32 11/0 0.000
Best PaO2 (mmHg) 68.8 ± 6.77 76.4 ± 9.33 n.s.
Lowest FiO2 (%) 240 ± 42.5 251 ± 112 n.s.
WBC (103/dl) 13.3k ± 5.66k 7.29k ± 5.57k 0.020
Hb (g/dl) 11.4 ± 0.32 11.0 ± 1.63 n.s.
PLT (103/dl) 88.6k ± 17.7k 94.4k ± 36.8k n.s.
INR 1.47 ± 0.89 1.81 ± 0.33 0.016
Na (meq/l) 143 ± 7.41 151 ± 2.89 n.s.
K (meq/l) 3.76 ± 0.29 3.83 ± 0.53 n.s.
Cr (mg/dl) 1.27 ± 0.44 1.10 ± 0.27 n.s.
Total bilirubin (mg/dl) 1.44 ± 0.46 1.27 ± 0.47 n.s.
Hemodialysis (Y/N) 2/37 4/7 0.017
ECMO use (Y/N) 0/39 2/9 0.045
DCL wound open care (Y/N) 21/18 7/4 n.s.
Duration of laparotomy wound opened (days) 2.03 ± 2.91 1.11 ± 1.70 n.s
Accumulated blood Transfusion (U) 19.6 ± 4.16 32.9 ± 10.9 0.014
  1. SD, Standard deviation; APACHI II, Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; PaO2, Arterial oxygen tension; FiO2, Fraction of inspiration oxygen; WBC, White cell count; Hb, Hemoglobin; PLT, Platelet; INR, International normalized ratio, for prothrombin time; ECMO, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; DCL, Damage control laparotomy.