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Table 3 Epidemiology of pathogens in sub-/total traumatic amputation

From: Impact of high prevalence of pseudomonas and polymicrobial gram-negative infections in major sub-/total traumatic amputations on empiric antimicrobial therapy: a retrospective study

   1st wound culture Acute infection (<14d) Total
  Pathogen n n n
Bacteria     
Aerobic     
Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus 4 2 7
  Bacillus cereus 6 5 6
  Enterococcus faecalis 2 2 5
  Staphylococcus epidermidis 2 2 4
  Enterococcus faecium 3 1 3
  Staphylococcus saprophyticus 1 1 1
  Staphylococcus capitis 0 1 1
  Streptococcus spp. 1 1 1
  Rothia mucilaginosa 1 1 1
  Lactobacillus spp. 1 1 1
Gram-negative Pseudomonas spp. 12 13 14
  E.coli 3 3 5
  Enterobacter spp. 2 2 5
  Acinetobacter spp. 3 3 3
  Pantoea agglomerans 3 3 3
  Stenotrophomonas spp. 0 1 2
  Acromobacter spp. 0 1 2
  Klebsiella spp. 0 1 1
  Proteus spp. 0 0 1
  Chryseomonas luteola 1 1 1
  Acromonas hydrophila 1 1 1
Anaerobic     
  Bacteroides fragiles 1 1 1
  Fusobacterium spp. 1 1 1
  Anaerococcus prevotei 1 1 1
  Clostridium spp. 0 1 1
Fungi     
  Candida spp. 1 0 3
  Aspergillus spp. 1 1 2
  Paecilomyces ilacinus 0 0 1
  Seedosporium spp. 0 0 1
  Mucor spp. 1 1 1
  Fusarium spp. 1 1 1
  Combined pathogens 13 12 19
  (>1 species simultaneously)    
  1. Pathogen spectrum of 51 patients with type IIIC open fractures (subtotal-) and traumatic amputations; spp = species. Highest incidence of Pseudomonas spp. and combined pathogens (bolt letters).