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Table 3 Favourable prognostic predictors after EP* [ 17,39]

From: Non operative management of traumatic esophageal perforation leading to esophagocutaneous fistula in pediatric age group: review and case report

1. Early diagnosis and treatment
2. Iatrogenic origin
3. Young age
4. Absence of concomitant esophageal disease
5. Benign perforations
6. Absence of co-morbidities
7. Good nutritional and hemodynamic status
8. Site- Cervical > Thoracic (Abdominal EP generally has poor outcome)
9. Sharp penetrating injuries better than blunt and thermal puncture (gunshot) injuries
  1. *Apply to both operative and non-operative management.