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Table 6 Outcome of the management of diffuse peritonitis in Limbe and Buea Regional Hospitals

From: Which cause of diffuse peritonitis is the deadliest in the tropics? A retrospective analysis of 305 cases from the South-West Region of Cameroon

Analysis of mortality rate
Cause of peritonitis Number of deaths Mortality rate Contribution to death toll Risk ratio (RR) 95 % CI Fisher’s P-value
Peptic Ulcer Perforation 7 10.1 % 15.2 % 0.67 0.32, 1.43 0.34
Spontaneous perforation of terminal ileum 16 37.2 % 34.7 % 2.47 1.54, 3.95 0.001
Complications of acute appendicitis 4 7.6 % 8.7 % 0.50 0.19, 1.33 0.20
Splenic Abscess 0 0 0 0 Undefined 0.60
Tubo-Ovarian Abscess 0 0 0 0 Undefined 0.60
Acute cholecystitis 0 0 0 0 Undefined 0.61
Incarcerated hernia 1 12.5 % 2.2 % 0.83 0.13, 5.29 1.00
Intestinal obstruction 2 15.4 % 4.4 % 1.02 0.28, 3.75 1.00
Intussusception 0 0 0 0 Undefined 1.00
Perforation of sigmoid colon 4 44.4 % 8.7 % 2.95 1.35, 6.41 0.04
Infection of haemoperitoneum 0 0 0 0 Undefined 1.00
Rupture of liver abscess 0 0 0 0 Undefined 1.00
Post-operative 9 20.5 % 19.5 % 1.36 0.71, 2.57 0.38
Abdominal injury 3 7.9 % 6.6 % 0.52 0.17, 1.60 0.33
Total 46 15.1 % 100 % Ref. - -