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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for uncontrollable nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding

Variables Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4 Patient 5 Patient 6 Patient 7 Patient 8
Age (y) 69 36 83 64 78 69 50 79
Sex male male male male male male male male
Body temperature (°C) 35.5 36.2 36.8 37.3 36.0 37.0 36.1 35.7
Hemodynamics         
 Shock index 2.3 0.8 2.1 2 0.8 1.7 1.1 1.3
 SBP pre-REBOA (mmHg) 60 90 96 54 41 63 61
 SBP post REBOA (mmHg) 97 111 206 74 82 112 140
 ΔSBP (mmHg) 37 21 110 20 41 49 79
APACHE II 22 7 26 31 22 26 21 30
Severity of upper gastrointestinal bleeding         
 Glasgow Blatchford bleeding score 17 7 19 11 14 13 12 17
 Clinical Rockall score 3 3 4 3 5 3 2 3
 AIM 65 score 3 0 4 3 2 5 0 2
Initial blood values         
 White blood cell count (/μL) 12900 13600 24000 17300 9120 10600 11500 7170
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 5.5 14.8 11.2 7.3 5 5.3 8.8 6.1
 Hematocrit (%) 16 44 31 21 15 16 26 19
 Platelet connt (×104/μL) 11.9 34.6 9.3 36.8 17.3 12.2 36 22.9
 BUN (mg/dL) 18.7 21.1 62.1 8.2 44.1 13.9 46.9 32.0
 Lactate (mmol/L) 11.1 1.3 9.6 5.6 15.8 6.6 63 15.0
 pH 7.25 7.36 7.38 6.94 7.35 7.24 7.30 6.96
 Base excess (mmol/L) 0.1 –2.5 −11.5 −14.5 −14.6 –9.3 –9.4 –21.8
 Prothrombin time (%) 51 113 64 62 83 51 105 62
 APTT (sec) 64.5 30.1 35.3 240 64.3 123.9 33.4  –
Diagnosis Gastric ulcer Gastric ulcer Duodenum ulcer Anastomotic bleeding Duodenum ulcer Left gastric artery aneurysm Duodenum ulcer Esophageal cancer
Definitive hemostatic control endoscopy endoscopy endoscopy AE AE (failed endoscopy) AE (failed endoscopy) AE (failed endoscopy) AE
CPA during procedures no no no yes no yes no no
Blood and blood product transfusion within 24 h (mL)        
 PRBC 1400 280 1960 2520 1960 2800 3080 1680
 FFP 1200 0 1200 1680 2160 1920 1920 720
Re-bleeding no no no no yes yes no no
REBOA         
 Total occlusion time (min) 57 20 140 54 145 95 50 Failure
 REBOA-related complication none none none none none none none none
Outcome within 30 days Alive Alive Alive Alive Died < 24 h Alive Alive Died < 24 h
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, REBOA resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta, APACHE acute physiology and chronic health evaluation, BUN blood urea nitrogen. APTT activated partial thrombin time, AE angioembolization, CPA cardiopulmonary arrest, PRBC packed red blood cells, and FFP fresh-frozen plasma