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Table 4 Included studies published up to 1980

From: A historical review of surgery for peritonitis secondary to acute colonic diverticulitis: from Lockhart-Mummery to evidence-based medicine

Author Year Center Nation Years of study Level of evidence Patients Treatment
Lockart-Mummery 1910 St Mark Hospital (London) England 1910 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage ± suture
Judd and Pollock 1924 Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minn.) USA 1907–24 4 Perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage ± suture
Wheeler 1930 Dublin Ireland 1930 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Caecostomy associated at Mikulicz’ procedure
Rankin 1930 Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minn.) USA 1916–28 4 Perforated diverticulitis Resection of diverticulun and suture
Three-stage procedure: proximal colostomy. resection of the sigmoid colon, closure of the colostomy after a few weeks
Eggers 1931 Lenox Hill Hospital (New York) USA 1931 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage
Conway 1931 New York Hospital (New York) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Mikulicz’ procedure
Lockart-Mummery 1934 St Mark Hospital (London) England 1934 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage ± suture
Hunt 1934 Los Angeles USA NR 5 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Eggers 1941 Lenox Hill Hospital (New York) USA 1938–39 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage – Drainage and colostomy –Mikulicz’ procedure
Smithwick 1942 Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) USA 1925–42 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Toilette of the peritoneum and abdominal drainage ± suture - Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Pemberton 1947 Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minn.) USA 1908–45 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Arnheim 1950 Mount Sinai Hospital (New York) USA 1927–37 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Boyden 1950 Portland, USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure - Hartman procedure
Hughes 1952 Monash University (Melburne) Australia 1941–51 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy – Exteriorization of the affected loop
Lloyd-Davies 1953 Kent and Canterbury Hospital (Canterbury) England NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Welch 1953 Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) USA 1942–53 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Lewis 1953 Yale Medical School (New Haven) USA NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Edwards 1954 Surgeon to King’s College Hospital, (London) England NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy – Exteriorization of the affected loop
Scarborough 1954 Stanford University (San Francisco) USA 1954 5 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Welch 1955 Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) USA 1942–55 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Gregg 1955 State University of New York (New York) USA NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Resection with anastomosis and covering stoma
Ransom 1956 University of Michigan (Ann Harbor) USA 1934–51 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Bacon 1956 University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) USA 1940–1955 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy –Mikulicz’ procedure - Exteriorization of the affected loop
Belding 1957 Medical Clinic (Riverside) USA 1951–52 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Resection with anastomosis
MacLaren 1957 Royal Infirmary, (Edinburgh) United Kingdom NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Resection with anastomosis
Ryan 1958 St Vincent’s (Melbourne) Australia 1954–56 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Resection with anastomosis
McGregor 1958 Temple University, (Philadelphia) USA 1940–57 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
O’Brein 1959 Hamilton General Hospital (Ontario) Canada 1952–59 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Brown 1960 Western Infirmary, (Glasgow) England 1945–56 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy –Mikulicz’ procedure
Greig 1960 South Down Group of Hospitals Northern Ireland 1952–59 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy
Boyden 1961 The Portland Clinic, (Portland) USA NR 5 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Donald 1961 (Birmingham) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Beard 1961 St. George Hospital (London) England NR 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Stauton 1962 Morriston Hospital (Swansea) England 1955–59 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Exteriorization of the affected loop
Estrada 1962 Vancouver General Hospital (Vancouver) Canada NR 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy
Hughes 1963 Monash University (Melburne) Australia 1951–61 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy – Exteriorization of the affected loop
Linder 1962 Brooklyn Women’s Hospital (New York) USA NR 5 Perforated diverticulitis Exteriorization of the affected loop
Hartley 1964 Addenbrooke’s Hospital Cambridge (London) England 1950–60 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy
Large 1964 Royal Berkshire Hospital (Reading) England NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Resection with anastomosis
Madden 1965 St Clare Hospital (New York) USA 1949–65 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Resection with anastomosis and covering stoma
Cochrane 1965 Fulham Hospital (London) England 1965 5 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop
Dawson 1965 King’s College Hospital (London) England 1953–58 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy –Mikulicz’ procedure - Exteriorization of the affected loop
Bacon 1966 University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Smiley 1966 University of South California (Los Angeles) USA 1961–65 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure – Hartmann’ procedure
Bolt 1966 West Middlesex Hospital, (London) England 1948–57 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop
Byrne 1966 St. Vincent Hospital, (Los Angeles) USA 1962–66 4 Perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Watkins 1966 Washington University USA 1960–66 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Exteriorization of the affected loop
Moseley 1966 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (Boston), USA 1945–63 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Giffin 1967 Barnes Hospital (St. Louis) USA 1956–66 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Levy 1967 University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) USA 1953–64 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure
Localio 1967 New York Medical Center (New York) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Colcock 1968 Lahey Clinic (Boston) USA 1947–67 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure – Hartmann’ procedure
Roxburgh 1968 Middlesex Hospital, (London) England 1964–67 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Mikulicz’ procedure – Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis and covering stoma
Rodkey 1969 Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) USA NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure
Moore 1969 Exter Hospital (Exeter) England 1960–67 4 Perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Dandekar 1969 New Rochelel Hospital (New York) England 1960–66 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Fenger 1969 Kommunehospitalet (Copenhagen) Denmark 1950–67 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Reiss 1969 Meir Hospital (Kfar Saba) Israel NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage, colostomy and suture
Tagart 1969 Newmarket Community Hospital (Newmarket) England 1962–65 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis - Resection with anastomosis and covering stoma
Botsford 1969 Harvad Medical School (Boston) USA 1950–67 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure - Mikulicz’ procedure
Mitty 1969 St Vincent Hospital (New York) USA 1958–67 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Killingkack 1970 Audit Australia 1967–69 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure - Mikulicz’ procedure
Garnjobst 1970 Department of Surgery Providence Hospital (Portland) Oregon 1954–1969   diverticulitis  
Reilly 1970 Plymouth General Hospital, (Plymouth) England NR 5 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage – Drainage and colostomy- Hartmann’ procedure
Ponka 1970 Henry Ford Hospital Detroit USA 1963–67 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy- Hartmann’ procedure
Barabas 1971 Royal Postgraduate Medical School (London) England NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Botsford 1971 Harvad Medical School Massachusetts (Boston) USA 1950–70 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure – Hartmann’ procedure
Byrne 1971 Boston City Hospital (Boston) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy – Hartmann’ procedure
Miller 1971 Roosvelt Hospital (New York) USA 1957–69 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy – Hartmann’ procedure
Watkins 1971 Washington Medical School, (Washington) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Exteriorization of the affected loop
Whelan 1971 Saint Vincent Hospita, Worchester. USA 1956–70 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy – Hartmann’ procedure
Endrey-Walder 1973 Mayo Clinic (Rochester) 1961–70 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy – Resection and anastomosis with or without covering stoma
Labow 1973 Muhlemberg Hospital, (Painfield) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Graves 1973 Vanderbilt University, (Nashville) USA NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection and anastomosis
Laimon 1974 University of British Columbia, (Vancouver) Canada NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Tagart 1974 Newmarket Community Hospital (Newmarket) England NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Mikulicz’ procedure - Hartmann’ procedure
Rodkey 1974 Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) 1964–73 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Ryan 1974 St Vincent Hospital (Melburne) Australia NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Tolins 1975 Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York 196873 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Nilsson 1976 Centralsarettet, (Halmastated) Sweden 1963–72 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Mikulicz’ procedure - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Berardi 1976 Veerans Administration Hospital (Des Moines) USA 1969–73 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Saegesser 1975 Bern Switzerland NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Mikulicz’ procedure
Classen 1976 Union Memorial Hospital (Baltimore) USA 1965–75 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop
Himal 1977 McGill University (Montreal), Canada NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Hartmann’ procedure
Eng 1977 New York School of Medicine (New York), USA 1971–75 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Nahrwold 1977 Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, (Hershey), USA NR 4 Perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Sweatman 1977 Birmingham (USA) 1962–72 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure - Resection with anastomosis
Hinckey 1978 Montreal General Hospital (Montreal) Canada NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Malafosee 1978 Hopital Saint-Antomine (Paris) France 1964–74 4 Peritonitis from diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Resection with anastomosis
Morgenstern 1979 Cedars-Sinai Medical Centers (Los Angeles) USA 1965–78 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy
Howe 1979 University of Arkansas (Little Rock) USA 1967–77 4 Perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Nunes 1979 Spokane (USA) 1971–78 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Hartmann’ procedure
Haglund 1979 University of Gotheborg, Gotheborg, Sweden 1962–73 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure - Exteriorization of the affected loop - Resection and anastomosis with a covering stoma
Thow 1980 Cale Clinic (Urbana) USA 1971–76 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Resection with anastomosis
Theile 1980 Princess Alexandra Hospital (Brisbane) Australia NR 4 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Drainage - Drainage and colostomy - Hartmann’ procedure
Greif 1980 Beth Israel Medical Center (Boston) USA NR 5 Peritonitis from perforated diverticulitis Mikulicz’ procedure