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Table 3 Different operative strategies according to the esophageal Organ Injury Scale (OIS)

From: Non-iatrogenic esophageal injury: a retrospective analysis from the National Trauma Data Bank

  OIS I–II (n = 410) OIS III (n = 466) OIS IV–V (n = 68) p
Primary suture (n = 317) 71 (17.3) 220 (47.2) 26 (38.2) <0.001
Esophagectomy (n = 15) 0 (0) 13 (2.8) 2 (2.9) 0.003
Esophageal diversion/esophagostomy (n = 13) 0 (0) 9 (1.9) 4 (5.9) <0.001
Esophageal stent (n = 11) 2 (0.5%) 9 (1.9%) 0 (0) 0.116
Perivisceral drainage (n = 160) 77 (18.8) 70 (15) 13 (19.1) 0.296
  1. Values are presented as n (%)