Skip to main content

Table 4 Outcome comparison between patients with a thoracic and cervical esophageal injury

From: Non-iatrogenic esophageal injury: a retrospective analysis from the National Trauma Data Bank

  Total Thoracic Cervical  
(n = 944) (n = 613) (n = 331) p
Mortality 113 (12.0) 86 (14.0) 27 (8.2) 0.008
 1-day mortality 71 (7.5) 57 (9.3) 14 (4.2) 0.005
 30-day mortality 109 (11.5) 83 (13.5) 26 (7.9) 0.009
Mechanical ventilation (days)a, median (IQR) 5 (2–14) 6 (2–15) 4 (2–11) 0.124
ICU stay (days)a, median (IQR) 7 (3–15) 7 (3–16) 6 (3–13) 0.157
Hospital length of stay (days)a, median (IQR) 12 (5–23) 13 (5–25) 11 (5–22) 0.131
Complicationsb
 Acute kidney injury 19 (2.5) 12 (2.5) 7 (2.5) 0.998
 ARDS 43 (5.7) 31 (6.5) 12 (4.3) 0.21
 Deep SSI 19 (2.5) 14 (2.9) 5 (1.8) 0.334
 Pneumonia 61 (8.1) 45 (9.5) 16 (5.8) 0.072
 DVT 27 (3.6) 20 (4.2) 7 (2.5) 0.23
 Sepsis 26 (3.4) 23 (4.8) 3 (1.1) 0.006
 PE 12 (1.6) 12 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 0.008
 Cardiac arrest 16 (2.1) 10 (2.1) 6 (2.2) 0.958
 Organ/space SSI 17 (2.3) 12 (2.5) 5 (1.8) 0.519
 Stroke/CVA 8 (1.1) 6 (1.3) 2 (0.7) 0.717
 Superficial SSI 20 (2.7) 15 (3.2) 5 (1.8) 0.265
 UTI 25 (3.3) 16 (3.4) 9 (3.2) 0.927
 Catheter related Blood infection 3 (0.4) 2 (0.4) 1 (0.4) 1
 Overall complication 184 (24.4) 129 (27.1) 55 (19.8) 0.024
 Overall infectious complication 127 (16.8) 88 (18.5) 39 (14.0) 0.115
  1. Values are presented as median (IQR) and n (%)
  2. ICU intensive care unit, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, SSI surgical site infection, DVT deep vein thrombosis, PE pulmonary embolism, CVA cerebrovascular accident, UTI urinary tract infection, IQR interquartile range
  3. aInclude only patients without mortality (n = 831)
  4. bInclude only patients with hospital length of stay >2 days (n = 754)