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Table 2 Distribution of patients according to gender, hemodynamic status on admission, wound classification, surgical intervention, and post-discharge conditions related to the mechanism

From: Penetrating cardiac trauma: analysis of 240 cases from a hospital in Bogota, Colombia

Wound type Variables Dead Alive Total
Stab wounds (n = 223) Sex Male 25 190 215
Female 2 6 8
Hemodynamic status Fatal 2 6 8
In extremis 8 32 40
Deep shock 16 60 76
Normal 1 98 99
Wound classification Grade II injury 0 73 73
Grade III injury 4 27 31
Grade IV injury 11 55 66
Grade V injury 12 41 53
Surgical approach Sternotomy 9 135 144
Thoracotomy—anterolateral 18 60 78
Clamshell incision 1 1
Thoracotomy—posterolateral 98 98
Gunshot wounds (n = 17) Sex Male 8 8 16
Female 0 1 1
Hemodynamic status Fatal 0 0 0
In extremis 4 0 4
Deep shock 2 4 6
Normal 2 5 7
Wound classification Grade II injury 2 4 6
Grade III injury 0 1 1
Grade IV injury 3 1 4
Grade V injury 3 3 6
Surgical approach Sternotomy 3 5 8
Thoracotomy—anterolateral 5 3 8
Clamshell incision NA 0 0
Thoracotomy NA 0 0
  1. NA not applicable