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Table 1 Demographics, injury mechanisms, and injury severity among pTBI patients (n = 167)

From: Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: a 5-year descriptive study from the National Trauma Center in Qatar

Variable Value
Age (years) (mean ± SD) 10.6 ± 5.9
Male gender 136 (81.4%)
Nationality
 Qatari-nationals 78 (46.7%)
 Non-nationals 89 (53.3%)
Mechanisms of injury
 Motor vehicle crash 79 (47.3%)
 Fall from height 36 (21.6%)
 Pedestrians 18 (10.8%)
 Motor cycle/bike 7 (4.2%)
 All-terrain vehicle crashes 11 (6.6%)
 Fall of heavy object 6 (3.6%)
 Gunshot wound 2 (1.2%)
 Others 5 (3%)
Position in vehicle in MVC
 Driver 18/79 (22.8%)
 Front passenger 18/79 (22.8%)
 Back passenger 10/79 (12.6%)
 Unspecified position 33/79 (41.8%)
Seatbelt use in MVC 4/79 (5.1%)
Ejection from motor vehicle in MVC 42/70 (53.2%)
Head Abbreviated Injury Scale (mean ± SD)/(median, range) 3.5 ± 0.9 / 3 (1–5)
Injury severity score (mean ± SD)/(median, range) 20.7 ± 9.8 / 19 (1–50)
Glasgow Coma Score at Scene (mean ± SD)/(median, range) 8.7 ± 4.3 / 9 (3–15)
Scene time (mean ± SD) 21.4 ± 16.2
Emergency Medical Services time (mean ± SD) 55.3 ± 28
Intubation 129 (77.2%)
On-scene 53 (41%)
Emergency department/Trauma Resuscitation Unit 76 (59%)
Hospital stay 10 (1–131)
ICU stay 5 (1–39)
Ventilator days 1.5 (1–37)
Mortality 22 (13.3%)