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Table 3 Demographics and mechanism of injury and severity of pTBI based on different age groups

From: Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: a 5-year descriptive study from the National Trauma Center in Qatar

Variable 0–4 years 5–9 years 10–14 years 15–18 years P
Number 39 (23.4%) 33 (19.8%) 29 (17.4%) 66 (39.5%)  
Age (mean ± SD) 2.6 ± 1.2 6.4 ± 1.2 12.7 ± 1.4 16.6 ± 1.1 0.001
Males 28 (71.8%) 26 (78.8%) 24 (82.8%) 58 (87.9%) 0.22
Nationality
 Qatari-nationals n = 78 10 (12.8%) 14 (17.9%) 13 (16.7%) 41 (52.6%) 0.004 for all
 Non-nationals n = 89 29 (32.6%) 19 (21.3%) 16 (18.0%) 25 (28.1)
Mechanism of injury
 Motor vehicle crash 8 (20.5%) 6 (18.2%) 14 (48.3%) 51 (77.3%) 0.001 for all
 Pedestrian injury 5 (12.8%) 8 (24.2%) 5 (17.2%) 0 (0.0%)
 Falls from height 20 (51.3%) 10 (30.3%) 2 (6.9%) 4 (6.1%)
 Motor cycle crash/bike 0 (0.0%) 3 (9.1%) 2 (6.9%) 2 (3.0%)
 All-terrain vehicle 0(0.0%) 3 (9.1%) 4 (13.8%) 4 (6.1%)
 Fall of heavy object 3 (7.7%) 1 (3.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (3.0%)  
Ejection from vehicle 3 (37.5%) 3(50.0%) 4 (28.6%) 29 (56.9%) 0.001
Scene time 12.2 ± 7.3 16.6 ± 11 25.4 ± 14 26.9 ± 19.9 0.002
EMS time 42 ± 20 44 ± 18.7 57.6 ± 22.8 67.6 ± 32.8 0.001
Severe TBI (GCS < 9) 59% 40.6% 67.9% 80% 0.01
Glasgow Coma Score Scene; median(range) 7 (3–15) 10 (3–15) 10 (3–15) 8.5 (3–15) 0.36
Glasgow Coma Score ED; median (range) 7 (3–15) 10 (3–15) 5 (3–15) 3 (3–15) 0.001
Head AIS, mean ± SD 3.6 ± 1.1 3.1 ± 0.8 3.4 ± 0.8 3.6 ± 0.9 0.15
Injury severity score, mean ± SD 19.8 ± 10.1 15.6 ± 8 19.7 ± 8 24.2 ± 9.8 0.001