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Table 1 Characteristics and outcome differences between patients treated in a trauma room with CT and a conventional resuscitation room (n = 246)

From: Treating patients in a trauma room equipped with computed tomography and patients’ mortality: a non-controlled comparison study

   Total (n = 246) Conventional resuscitation room (n = 140) Trauma room with CT (n = 106) p value
n (%)/median (IQR) n (%)/median (IQR) n (%)/median (IQR)
Gender Male 181 (73.6) 93 (66.4) 88 (83.0) 0.004
Female 65 (26.4) 47 (33.6) 18 (17.0)  
Age   51 (36, 69) 50 (35, 70) 54 (38, 69) 0.769
Initial vital signs GCS 14 (13, 15) 15 (14, 15) 14 (10, 15) 0.017
Heart rate 88 (72, 103) 87 (72, 99) 89 (73, 105) 0.249
Systolic pressure 141 (118, 162) 143 (121, 164) 139 (113, 159) 0.541
Respiratory rate 20 (17, 24) 20 (17, 24) 20 (18, 24) 0.243
Temperature 36.4 (36.1, 36.9) 36.4 (36.0, 36.9) 36.4 (36.1, 36.9) 0.618
CT performed   206 (83.7) 113 (80.7) 93 (87.7) 0.164
  For head 176 (71.5) 93 (66.4) 83 (78.3) 0.046
  For body trunk 162 (65.9) 82 (58.6) 80 (75.5) 0.007
Intubation in ER 94 (38.2) 43 (30.7) 51 (48.1) 0.008
Use REBOA 7 (2.8) 1 (0.7) 6 (5.7) 0.045
Arterial embolization 25 (10.2) 10 (7.1) 15 (14.2) 0.089
Place chest tube in ER 18 (7.5) 6 (4.5) 12 (11.3) 0.052
Type of Trauma Blunt 209 (85.0) 118 (84.2) 91 (85.8) 0.857
Penetrate 37 (15.0) 22 (15.7) 15 (14.1)  
Isolated TBI 21 (8.5) 12 (8.6) 9 (8.5) 1.000
Polytrauma 92 (37.4) 42 (30.0) 50 (47.2) 0.008
Hypotension 29 (11.8) 14 (10.0) 15 (14.2) 0.324
TAC INR > 1.3 16 (3.9) 5 (3.6) 11 (10.4) 0.038
ISS category 1–8 89 (36.2) 58 (41.4) 31 (29.2) 0.011
9–15 65 (26.4) 40 (28.6) 25 (23.6)  
16–24 54 (22.0) 29 (20.7) 25 (23.6)  
≥ 25 38 (15.4) 13 (9.3) 25 (23.6)  
ISS   10 (4, 18) 9 (4, 16) 13 (5, 22) 0.002
RTS   7.84 (6.90, 7.84) 7.84 (7.48, 7.84) 7.84 (6.38, 7.84) 0.015
Ps   97.6 (92.2, 99.3) 97.8 (94.2, 99.4) 96.8 (81.3, 99.2) 0.009
Lactate   2.0 (1.3, 2.9) 2.0 (1.3, 2.9) 1.9 (1.3, 3.0) 0.876
BE   −0.20 (−2.62, 1.33) −0.30 (−2.6, 1.2) −0.10 (−2.8, 1.5) 0.807
Hg   13.2 (11.4, 14.4) 13.2 (11.6, 14.5) 13.2 (11.2, 14.0) 0.439
Fbg   286 (230, 336) 298 (257, 353) 260 (208, 314) < 0.001
APTT   26.4 (24.1, 28.8) 26.4 (24.1, 28.5) 26.9 (24.3, 29.4) 0.283
PT-INR   1.04 (0.97, 1.12) 1.02 (0.95, 1.10) 1.06 (0.99, 1.15) 0.001
FDP   13.7 (3.6, 53.2) 10.8 (3.2, 30.9) 18.4 (4.7, 87.0) 0.025
D-dimer   7.6 (1.4, 29.4) 6.6 (1.2, 21.4) 9.7 (1.7, 46.1) 0.043
Transfusion RBC 0 (0, 6) 0 (0, 4) 0 (0, 8) 0.009
FFP 0 (0, 4) 0 (0, 0) 0 (0, 10) 0.002
Mortality In-hospital 15 (6.1) 6 (4.3) 9 (8.5) 0.189
24 h 6 (2.4) 2 (1.4) 4 (3.8) 0.407
RBC ≥ 10 U/24 h 39 (15.9) 17 (12.1) 22 (20.8) 0.079
Time to CT (min) 30 (23, 42) 37 (30, 48) 23 (18, 28) < 0.001
Time to TAE (min) 81 (67, 93) 81 (56, 97) 80 (73, 87) 0.856
Time to operation (min) 94 (61, 122) 97 (7, 123) 83 (68, 121) 0.687
ED staying (min) 81 (58, 117) 91 (61, 122) 72 (53, 113) 0.044
ICU stay (day) 3 (2, 7) 3 (2, 7) 3 (2, 6) 0.811
Hospital stay (day) 16 (5, 35) 15 (5, 34) 17 (5, 37) 0.975
  1. TAC traumatic acute coagulopathy, ISS Injury Severity Score, RTS Revised Trauma Score, Ps probability of survival