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Table 3 Characteristics and outcome differences between patients treated in trauma room with CT and conventional resuscitation room after propensity score matching (n = 176)

From: Treating patients in a trauma room equipped with computed tomography and patients’ mortality: a non-controlled comparison study

   Total (n = 176) Conventional resuscitation room (n = 88) Trauma room with CT (n = 88) p value
n (%)/median (IQR) n (%)/median (IQR) n (%)/median (IQR)
Gender Male 145 (82.4) 72 (81.8) 73 (83.0) 1.000
Female 31 (17.6) 16 (18.2) 15 (17.0)  
Age   50 (35.8,67.2) 49 (33, 68.3) 52.5 (36, 67) 0.726
Initial vital signs GCS 14 (13, 15) 14 (13, 15) 14 (13.8, 15) 0.931
Heart rate 88 (72, 103) 88 (72, 102.3) 89 (72.5, 103.1) 0.877
Systolic pressure 142 (120, 162) 143 (117.8, 164.8) 140 (120, 159) 0.747
Respiratory rate 20 (17, 24) 20 (17, 24) 20 (17, 24) 0.366
Temperature 36.4 (36, 36.9) 36.4 (35.9, 36.8) 36.4 (36.1, 36.9) 0.537
CT performed   152 (86.4) 77 (87.5) 93 (85.2) 0.826
  For head 127 (72.2) 61 (69.3) 83 (75.0) 0.501
  For body trunk 122 (69.3) 58 (65.9) 80 (72.7) 0.414
Intubation in ER 72 (40.9) 34 (38.6) 38 (43.2) 0.646
Use REBOA 5 (2.8) 1 (1.1) 4 (4.5) 0.364
Arterial embolization 20 (11.4) 9 (10.2) 11 (12.5) 0.812
Place chest tube in ER 15 (8.5) 6 (6.8) 9 (10.2) 0.589
Type of trauma Blunt 147 (83.5) 73 (83.0) 74 (84.1) 1.000
Penetrate 29 (16.5) 15 (17.0) 14 (15.9)  
Isolated TBI   12 (6.8) 8 (9.1) 4 (4.5) 0.370
Polytrauma   69 (39.2) 35 (39.8) 34 (38.6) 1.000
Hypotension   20 (11.4) 10 (11.4) 10 (11.4) 1.000
TAC INR > 1.3   9 (5.1) 5 (5.7) 4 (4.5) 1.000
ISS category 1–8 62 (35.2) 32 (36.4) 30 (34.1) 0.696
9–15 45 (25.6) 21 (23.9) 24 (27.3)  
16–24 45 (22.2) 22 (25.0) 17 (19.3)  
≥ 25 30 (17.0) 13 (14.8) 17 (19.3)  
ISS   10 (4.8, 20) 10 (4.8, 17.3) 10 (4.8, 20) 0.709
RTS   7.84 (6.90, 7.84) 7.84 (6.90, 7.84) 7.84 (7.06, 7.84) 0.873
Ps   97.7 (92.1, 99.3) 97.7 (92.1, 99.2) 97.6 (91.5, 99.3) 0.781
Lactate   2 (1.3, 2.9) 2 (1.4, 3.2) 1.9 (1.3, 2.7) 0.245
BE   −0.3 (−2.6, 1.5) −0.5 (−2.9, 1.1) 0.15 (−2, 1.9) 0.082
Hg   13.3 (11.4, 14.6) 13.3 (11.2, 14.7) 13.3 (11.4, 14.3) 0.537
Fbg   280 (229, 327) 289 (246, 332) 268 (222, 317) 0.278
APTT   26.4 (24.1, 28.7) 26.2 (24.1, 28.6) 26.7 (24.1, 28.9) 0.771
PT-INR   1.04 (0.97, 1.12) 1.02 (0.95, 1.12) 1.06 (0.98, 1.12) 0.096
FDP   14 (3.9, 47.3) 15.3 (4.3, 37.8) 12.7 (3.9, 67.9) 0.858
D-dimer   7.6 (1.5, 25.8) 8.5 (1.5, 23.3) 7.1 (1.6, 35.6) 0.955
Transfusion RBC 0 (0, 6) 0 (0, 6) 0 (0, 6) 0.909
FFP 0 (0, 6) 0 (0, 4) 0 (0, 6) 0.727
Mortality In-hospital 9 (5.1) 5 (5.7) 4 (4.5) 1.000
24 h 3 (1.7) 2 (2.3) 1 (1.1) 1.000
RBC ≥ 10 U/24 h 30 (17.0) 15 (17.0) 15 (17.0) 1.000
Time to CT (min) 30 (22, 43) 40 (30, 52) 22 (17, 28) < 0.001
Time to TAE (min) 81 (81, 100) 77 (56, 98) 81 (78, 91) 0.438
Time to operation (min) 75 (60, 122) 99 (60, 127) 83 (70, 118) 0.842
ED staying (min) 74 (56, 103) 91 (65, 115) 68 (52, 83) < 0.001
ICU stay (day) 3 (2, 7) 3 (2, 9) 3 (2, 6) 0.401
Hospital stay (day) 17 (5, 39) 17 (5.5, 40) 17 (5, 37) 0.534
  1. TAC traumatic acute coagulopathy, ISS Injury Severity Score, RTS Revised Trauma Score, Ps probability of survival