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Table 1 Eligible patients’ baseline characteristics

From: Characteristics, treatments, and outcomes among patients with abdominal aortic injury in Japan: a nationwide cohort study

  Non-repair (n = 191) Open repair (n = 20) Endovascular repair (n = 27) P value
Age, years     0.91
 18–49 41 (21.5) 6 (30.0) 5 (18.5)  
 50–64 45 (23.6) 6 (30.0) 7 (25.9)  
 65–79 62 (32.5) 5 (25.0) 8 (29.6)  
 ≥ 80 43 (22.5) 3 (15.0) 7 (25.9)  
Male sex 127 (66.5) 10 (50.0) 13 (48.1) 0.082
BMI, kg/m2 22.2 (20.1–24.9) 21.1 (19.6–24.4) 20.5 (17.7–22.5) 0.076
Consciousness level (JCS score)     0.58
 0 92 (48.2) 7 (35.0) 12 (44.4)  
 1–3 34 (17.8) 4 (20.0) 8 (29.6)  
 10–30 27 (14.1) 3 (15.0) 4 (14.8)  
 100–300 38 (19.9) 6 (30.0) 3 (11.1)  
Co-existing injury
 Head injury 18 (9.4) 0 (0.0) 3 (11.1) 0.32
 Lumbar spine and/or pelvic fracture 44 (23.0) 3 (15.0) 13 (48.1) 0.016
 Small intestine injury 13 (6.8) 1 (5.0) 1 (3.7) 1.0
 Splenic injury 7 (3.7) 1 (5.0) 1 (3.7) 0.49
 Liver and/or biliary tract injury 16 (8.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (3.7) 0.50
Modified ICISS 5.3 (4.1–7.1) 4.8 (3.5–6.2) 5.9 (4.1–7.8) 0.60
  1. Data are presented as number (%) or median (interquartile range)
  2. BMI body mass index, JCS Japan Coma Scale, ICISS International Classification of Diseases-10–based Injury Severity Score