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Table 2 Outcome

From: Timing of repair and mesh use in traumatic abdominal wall defects: a systematic review and meta-analysis of current literature

CharacteristicsSurgical repairOutcome
AuthorMedian ISS (range)TAWDsTotal (%)AcuteDelayedMeshRecurrence rate (mesh used)Mortality (%)Loss to FU (%)
Parknm98 (89)077000
Pardhan23 (nm)4441 (93)83353 (0)4 (9)1 (2)
Coleman22 (nm)8023 (29)18576 (3)0nm
Honaker17 (1–66)3830 (79)273113 (2)2 (5)0
Bender35 (nm)2522 (88)111118*3 (1)1 (4)3 (12)
Netto31 (18–44)3410 (29)82**13 (0)1 (3)11 (32)
Vijayalakshminm44 (100)400000
Akbabanm32 (33)022000
Guttenridge14 (9–29)54 (80)312001 (20)
Singalnm33 (100)301000
Agarwalnm22 (100)201000
Kumarnm22 (100)200000
Burtnm33 (100)0331 (1)0nm
Brennemannm (mean 25)97 (78)2552 (0)nmnm
Damschennm42 (50)2001 (0)nm2 (50)
Fullertonnm22 (100)20nm01 (50)nm
Gulynm22 (100)110000
Dantonm33 (100)30nmnm1 (33)nm
Paynenm22 (100)1101 (0)0nm
TotalNA274172 (63)98746323 (7)10 (NA)18 (NA)
  1. This table shows surgical repair and outcome for all 19 studies. From a total of 274 patients with TAWDs, 172 underwent surgical repair, both acute (n = 98) and delayed (n = 74), with a minority of mesh repair (n = 63). A total of 23 recurrences occurred in this patient group
  2. nm not mentioned, NA not applicable
  3. *Reinforcement consists of absorbable mesh, permanent mesh, and acellular cadaver dermis
  4. **Two of the patients who were initially treated conservatively developed symptoms requiring surgery after 8 months