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Table 1 Comparison of patient characteristics and outcomes according to START triage categories

From: Comparison between simple triage and rapid treatment and Taiwan Triage and Acuity Scale for the emergency department triage of victims following an earthquake-related mass casualty incident: a retrospective cohort study

 OverallMinor categoryDelay categoryImmediate categoryDeceased categoryp value
n = 105n = 79 (75.2%)n = 21 (20.0%)n = 1 (1.0%)n = 4 (3.8%)
Sex, n (%)     0.84
 Male42 (40.0)33 (41.8)7 (33.3)0 (0)2 (50) 
 Female63 (60.0)46 (58.2)14 (66.7)1 (100)2 (50) 
Age, years, median (IQR)45.0 (35.0)38.0 (32.0)59.0 (29.5)8049.5 (27.8)0.008*
ED disposition, n (%)     < 0.001*
 ED mortality, n (%)3 (2.9)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)3 (75) 
 ICU, n (%)2 (1.9)0 (0)1 (4.8)0 (0)1 (25) 
 Ward, n (%)8 (7.6)5 (6.3)3 (14.3)0 (0)0 (0) 
 Observation, n (%)7 (6.7)4 (5.1)2 (9.5)1 (100)0 (0) 
 Discharge, n (%)85 (81.0)70 (88.6)15 (71.4)0 (0)0 (0) 
CT, n (%)18 (17.1)8 (10.1)8 (38.1)1 (100)1 (25)0.002*
Blood transfusion, n (%)3 (2.9)0 (0)1 (4.8)0 (0)2 (50)0.001*
ED LOS in hours, median (IQR)1.02 (1.02)0.98 (0.89)1.18 (2.41)20.030.88 (0.41)0.134
Mortality, n (%)4 (3.8)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)4 (100)< 0.001*
ED medical expenses, median (IQR), USD122.7 (164.1)116.6 (83.4)173.0 (484.5)1150552.7 (327.7)0.003*
TTAS     < 0.001*
 Level I5 (4.8)0 (0)1 (4.8)0 (0)4 (100) 
 Level II12 (11.4)9 (11.4)2 (9.5)1 (100)0 (0) 
 Level III82 (78.1)66 (83.5)16 (76.2)0 (0)0 (0) 
 Level IV6 (5.7)4 (5.1)2 (9.5)0 (0)0 (0) 
 Level V0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
  1. START simple triage and rapid treatment, IQR interquartile range, ED emergency department, ICU intensive care unit, CT computed tomography, LOS length of stay, USD United States dollar, TTAS Taiwan Triage and Acuity Scale