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Table 1 Linear mixed effect model of factors affecting log transformation of pedestrian death rate globally over a decade 2007–2016

From: Reduction of pedestrian death rates: a missed global target

VariableEstimateSEt valuep value95% CI
lower limit
95% CI
upper limit
Year 20070.0690.0322.1550.0340.0060.133
Year 20100.0460.0241.8760.064− 0.0030.094
Year 20130.0750.0243.1900.0020.0290.122
Gross national income/capita− 7.893-61.428-6− 5.526< 0.0001− 1.071−5− 5.078−6
Enforcement of speed legislation− 0.0070.006− 1.1630.246− 0.0190.005
Promoting alternative transport− 0.0210.014− 1.5250.128− 0.0480.006
Density of population− 2.143−51.231−5− 1.7420.084− 4.578−52.914−6
Vehicle/person ratio− 0.4410.091− 4.855< 0.0001− 0.619− 0.262
Intercept0.7810.04915.985< 0.00010.6850.879
  1. SE standard error, CI confidence interval