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Table 1 Summary of the clinical characteristics of patients undergoing emergent colectomy for ischemic colitis (n = 94)

From: Predictors of mortality following emergency open colectomy for ischemic colitis: a single-center experience

Variables Whole sample
Gender (F/M) [n] 62/32
Age, years [mean (SD)] 67.44 (13.70)
Age > 75 years [n (%)] 34 (36.2)
BMI (kg/m2) [mean (SD)] 23.25 (4.98)
BMI > 30 (kg/m2) [n (%)] 11 (11.7)
Preoperative leukocytes (109/L) [mean (SD)] 14.51 (9.69)
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/L) [mean (SD)] 10.33 (2.71)
Preoperative creatinine (mg/dL) [mean (SD)] 195.55 (142.09)
Preoperative lactates (mg/dL) [mean (SD)] 5.4 (4.31)
Preoperative pH [mean (SD)] 7.25 (0.15)
Protrombin ratio (% of normal) [mean (SD)] 73 (15.36)
Diabetes [n (%)] 16 (17)
Severe coronary disease [n (%)] 70 (74.5)
Previous TIA/stroke [n (%)] 8 (8.5)
Hypertension [n (%)] 66 (70.2)
COPD [n (%)] 20 (21.3)
Smoking [n (%)] 30 (31.9)
Kidney failure [n (%)] 24 (25.5)
Previous carotid surgery [n (%)] 6 (6.4)
Previous aortic stenting [n (%)] 14 (14.9)
Previous legs vascular surgery [n (%)] 12 (12.8)
Previous colectomy [n (%)] 2 (2.1)
Comorbidity > 1 [n (%)] 42 (44.7)
Cardioasa therapy [n (%)] 19 (20.2)
Oral anticoagulant therapy [n (%)] 24 (25.5)
Charlson Index [mean (SD)] 5.41 (2.69)
ASA Score [n (%)]  
II 10 (10.6)
III 58 (61.7)
IV 26 (27.7)
Time interval from signs/symptoms onset to surgery [n (%)]  
< = 12 h 23 (24.5)
> 12 h 71 (75.5)
Localization of ischemia [n (%)]  
Left colon 19 (20.2)
Right colon 4 (4.3)
Transverse 6 (6.4)
Right and transverse 15 (16)
Entire colon 50 (53.2)
Etiology of ischemia [n (%)]  
Aortic surgery 34 (36.2)
Open surgery 25
EVAR 9
Other etiologies 60 (63.8)
Presence of colic perforation [n (%)] 20 (21.3)
Presence of aneurysmatic rupture [n (%)]a 21 (61.8)
Type of colonic resection [n (%)]  
Hartman’s resection 19 (20.2)
Subtotal colectomy with ileo-sigmoid colostomy 21 (22.3)
Total colectomy with terminal ileostomy 50 (53.2)
Right colectomy with ileo-colonostomy 4 (4.3)
Open abdomen needed [n (%)] 4 (4.3)
Preoperative vasopressor agents [n (%)] 60 (63.8)
Intraoperative vasopressor agents [n (%)] 74 (78.8)
  1. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologist classification, BMI body mass index, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, IC ischemic colitis TIA transient ischemic attack
  2. aRegarding patients with AS etiology