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Table 5 Type of thoracic injuries

From: Analysis of risk factors in thoracic trauma patients with a comparison of a modern trauma centre: a mono-centre study

Type of thoracic injury Group I Group II
Blunt trauma 217 295
Penetrating trauma 12 9
Soft tissue injuries in total 62 119
Thoracic wall laceration 7 10
Thoracic wall hematoma/contusion 15 23
Diaphragmatic injury 6 17
Subcutaneous emphysema 34 69
Skeletal injuries total 227 291
Rib fracture:   
Single 12 16
Multiple 157 186
Flial chest 19 27
1st rib fracture 5 9
Sternal fracture 6 11
Vertebral fracture 28 42
Thoracic trauma total 285 345
Lung contusion 209 296
Hemothorax 198 286
Pneumothotax 145 221
Tension pneumothorax 14 17
Intra pul. hematoma 23 34
Lung laceration 22 41
Intra pul. pneumocyst 7 16
Cardiac/vascular injuries total 30 68
Myocardial contusion 18 41
Pericardial effusion 5 8
Pericardial tamponade 2 5
Myocardial perforation 1 2
Aortic rupture 3 5
Pulmonary artery injury 0 3
Lung veins injury 1 2
Azygus vein injury 0 2
Mediastinal injuries total 51 86
Tracheal/broncheal rupture 2 6
Oesophageal rupture 2 2
Mediastinal hematoma 15 33
Pneumomediastinum 27 41
Thoracic duct 2 0
Phrenic nerve 3 4
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