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Table 1 Survivorship according to demographic data and outcome indicators

From: Training to identify red flags in the acute care of trauma: who are the patients at risk for early death despite a relatively good prognosis? An analysis from the TraumaRegister DGU®

  Survivor Non-survivor p value Early deaths < 24 h Late deaths > 24 h p value
Age ≥ 60 years n (%) 13,887 (22.0) 749 (54.6) p< 0.001 126 (41.9) 623 (58.2) p< 0.001
ASA 3–4 n (%) 3987 (8.7) 346 (35.9) p< 0.001 47 (23.4) 299 (39.2) p< 0.001
ISS Mean ± SD 16.3 ± 9.1 20.7 ± 11.0 p< 0.001 22.0 ± 12.3 20.3 ± 10.5 p= 0.083
RISC II predicted mortality Mean ± SD 1.9 ± 2.3 5.3 ± 2.9 p< 0.001 5.9 ± 2.8 5.1 ± 2.9 p< 0.001
Air rescue n (%) 15,527 (25.4) 341 (25.6) p= 0.912 68 (23.4) 273 (26.2) p= 0.328
Admission during on-call hours n (%) 42,108 (67.6) 854 (63.6) p= 0.002 201 (68.4) 653 (62.2) p= 0.054
Trauma center
Level 1 n (%) 38,518 (61.1) 878 (64.0) p= 0.08 165 (54.8) 713 (66.6) p< 0.001
Level 2 20,085 (31.9) 411 (30.0) 109 (36.2) 302 (28.2)
Level 3 4404 (7.0) 83 (6.0) 27 (9.0) 56 (5.2)
SBP ≤ 90 mmHg, prehospital n (%) 5021 (8.9) 175 (14.5) p< 0.001 67 (25.9) 108 (11.4) p< 0.001
SBP ≤ 90 mmHg, on admission n (%) 2736 (4.8) 125 (10.3) p< 0.001 54 (21.3) 71 (7.4) p< 0.001
GCS ≤ 8, prehospital n (%) 5657 (9.5) 261 (20.3) p< 0.001 74 (26.5) 187 (18.6) p= 0.004
  1. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, BE base excess, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, Hb hemoglobin, ISS Injury Severity Score, RISC II Revised Injury Severity Classification version 2, SBP systolic blood pressure