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Table 2 Summary of primary study characteristics, continued

From: Diagnostic accuracy of physical examination for detecting pelvic fractures among blunt trauma patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Year Inclusion Index test Reference standard
Age (year) GCS Setting Ask Inspection Palpation Stability Other Modality Radiologist Blind
Civil et al. [33] 1988 15 In-hos + + + + + Xp + ?
Grant [34] 1990 In-hos + Xp + ?
Salvino et al. [35] 1992 ≥ 12 ≥ 13 In-hos + + + + + Xp +
Yugueros et al. [36] 1995 > 13 ≥ 14 In-hos + Xp +
SD. John et al. [37] 1996 < 18 In-hos + ? ? ? ? Xp or CT ?
Heath et al. [38] 1997 ≥ 18 ≥ 14 In-hos ? ? ? ? ? Xp ?
Junkins et al. [39] 2001 < 18 In-hos + + + + Xp or CT + ?
Duane et al. [40] 2002 In-hos + + + + Xp ? ?
Gonzalez et al. [41] 2002 > 14 ≥14 In-hos + + + + Xp or CT + +
Pehle et al. [42] 2003 In-hos + + + + Xp or CT ?
Waydhas et al. [12] 2007 ≤13 In-hos + Xp or CT +
Duane et al. [43] 2008 > 16 In-hos + + + Xp or CT + ?
Duane et al. [44] 2009 > 16 ≥ 13 In-hos + + + + Xp ? ?
Shlamovitz, et al. [45] 2009 In-hos + + + + Xp or CT + ?
Lagisetty et al. [46] 2012 < 18 In-hos + + + + Xp + +
Lustenberger et al. [11] 2016 Pre-hos ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Majidinejad et al. [47] 2018 5–64 In-hos + + Xp or CT ? ?
Schweigkofler et al. [48] 2017 Both ? ? ? ? ? Xp or CT ? ?
Leent et al. [10] 2019 ≥ 18 Pre-hos + Xp or CT ? ?
Moosa et al. [49] 2019 ≥ 16 15 In-hos + Xp + ?
  1. GCS Glasgow coma scale, In-hos In-hospital, Pre-hos Pre-hospital, Xp X-ray picture, CT computed tomography, ? unclear