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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients included in the primary studies

From: Diagnostic accuracy of physical examination for detecting pelvic fractures among blunt trauma patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Year Age (years) Men Mechanism GCS Severity
Civil et al. [33] 1988 PE+31/ PE- 34 Fx+: MVA100% 15: 100% ISS PE+11.7/PE- 8.6
Grant [34] 1990 46, range (9–95) 47% TA 61% ≥ 13: 94% TS 15–16: 92%
Salvino et al. [35] 1992 33, range (12–78) 66% MVA 58% ISS 11
Yugueros et al. [36] 1995 Median 33, range (14–90) 73% 15: 74% Median ISS 8
SD. John et al. [37] 1996 10, range (5 m– 17) 55% MVA 55%
Heath et al. [38] 1997 Range (18– 81) MVA 79% ≥14:100%
Junkins et al. [39] 2001 Fx+9.8/Fx-7.8 51% MVA Fx+:69%/ Fx-: 54% Median ISS Fx+:9/ Fx-: 8
Duane et al. [40] 2002 Fx+:3 6(17)/ Fx-:34 (19) Fx+ 14.4 (2.1)/ Fx- 14.4 (2.1) ISS Fx+:11.5 (7.4)/ Fx-:5.9 (6.6)
Gonzalez et al. [41] 2002 36, range (14–93) 62% MVA73% ≥ 14:100%
Pehle et al. [42] 2003 PE+: 40 (22)/ PE-: 44 (20) 71% PE+10.7 (4.8)/ PE-:10.8 (4.6) ISS PE+42.3 (19.6)/ PE- 19.9 (15.6)
Waydhas et al. [12] 2007 71% 9.8 (4.7) ISS 23.3 (17.4)
Duane et al. [43] 2008 Fx+: 41 (18)/ Fx-: 39 (17) Fx+: 12.3 (4.6)/Fx-: 13.9 (3.1)
Duane et al. [44] 2009 34 (12) 80% MVA 76% 12.8 (4.1)
Shlamovitz et al. [45] 2009 36 (20) 68% MVA 44% 14 (2.6) RTS 10.6 (1.5)
Lagisetty et al. [46] 2012 MVA68% < 14: 11.3%
Lustenberger et al. [11] 2016 43 (20) in true-positive 66% in TP 11.8 (4.4) in TP 29.6 (14.6) in TP
Majidinejad et al. [47] 2018 32 (14) 76%
Schweigkofler et al. [48] 2017 46 69% TA 51%
Leent et al. [10] 2019 49(20) 70% TA 63% ≤13: 46%
Moosa et al. [49] 2019 37(14) 92%
  1. GCS Glasgow coma scale, Fx pelvic fracture, PE physical examination, MVA motor vehicle accident, TA traffic accident, TS trauma score, ISS injury severity score, RTS revised trauma score. Data is described as mean (standard deviation) or proportion (%) unless otherwise noted