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Table 2 Operative and non-operative management of liver injuries as per WSES grade of liver injury

From: Management of liver trauma in urban university hospitals in India: an observational multicentre cohort study

WSES grade of liver injury NOM (%) OM for liver ± other intra-abdominal organ (a) OM for intra-abdominal organ other than liver (b) OM for unspecified reason (c) Total no. of operated (a + b + c) (%)
I 102 (39.0) 7 13 5 25 (23.6)
II 64 (24.4) 11 16 5 32 (30.2)
III 58 (22.1) 6 4 2 12 (11.3)
IV 33 (12.6) 18 11 4 33 (31.1)
NA 5 (1.9) 1 1 2 4 (3.8)
Total 262 43 45 18 106
  1. WSES World Society Emergency Surgery, NOM non-operative management, OM operative management