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Table 1 Summary of studies about decompressive procedures in orbital compartment syndrome (residual visual acuity has been uniformed whenever requested from Snellen Imperial to Snellen metric according to Elliott and Flanagan [1])

From: Timing of surgical intervention for compartment syndrome in different body region: systematic review of the literature

Author Year Number of patients Disease Timing Residual visual acuity Blindness Eye loss
Goodall [2] 1999 6 Trauma Within 2 h from causative event 6/7 0/6 0/6
Vassallo [3] 2002 1 Trauma Within 3.5 h from causative event 6/24 0/1 0/1
Katz [4] 1983 2 Trauma Almost 4.5 h from causative event 6/12 0/2 0/2
Sun [5] 2014 8 Trauma Almost 2.6 h from causative event 6/12 1/8 0/8
Castro [6] 2000 1 Post endoscopic sinus surgery Almost 0.5 h from causative event 6/9 0/1 0/1
Wladis [7] 2007 1 Post endovascular procedure Within 0.5 h from causative event 6/9 0/1 0/1
Jenkins [8] 2017 1 Trauma 48 h from causative event nr nr nr
Key [9] 2008 3 Trauma 11.3 h from causative event 6/7 0/3 0/3
See [10] 2015 1 Post endoscopic sinus surgery 1 h after surgery 6/6 0/1 0/1
Colletti [11] 2017 1 Post endovascular surgery nr nr nr nr
Huang [12] 2018 1 (bilateral) disseminated intravascular coagulation 0.5 h after onset of symptoms (epistaxis) 6/6 & 6/60 0/1 0/1
Suassez [13] 1998 2 Post endoscopic sinus surgery 1 h after surgery 6/6 0/2 0/2
Gillum [14] 1981 1 Trauma 1 h after causative event 6/7 0/1 0/1
Korinth [15] 2002 15 Trauma 70 h (2 h–15 days) Restored in 9, defective in 4 0/15 0/15
Larsen [16] 1999 1 Trauma 2.5 h after causative events 6/7 0/1 0/1
Susarla [17] 2016 1 Post orbital floor reconstruction 14 h after surgery 6/30 0/1 0/1
Schwitkis [18] 2018 1 Trauma 1.5 h after causative events 6/6 0/1 0/1
Tran [19] 2013 1 Mastication 2 h after causative events 6/6 0/1 0/1
Sampath [20] 1995 1 Trauma 1 h after causative events 6/6 0/1 0/1
Hislop [2] 1994 2 Trauma/surgery nr nr nr nr
McInnes [21] 2002 1 Trauma nr nr nr nr
Carrim [22] 2007 1 Trauma 1.5 h after causative events 6/6 0/1 0/1
Jamal [23] 2009 1 Trauma 48 h after causative events 6/15 0/1 0/1
Maurer [24] 2013 6 Trauma 1.5 h after symptom onset Normal vision 2/6, impaired vision 2/6, loss of vision 2/6 2/6 0/6
Pamucku [25] 2015 1 Trauma 1.5 h after symptom onset 6/7 0/1 0/1
Li [26] 1995 1 Orthognathic surgery 7 h after surgery - 1/1 0/1
Yang [27] 2018 1 Neoplastic hemorrhage nr - 1/1 0/1
Amorin-Correa [28] 2017 1 Ophthalmic artery occlusion (post spine surgery prone position) 26 h after spine surgery - 1/1 0/1
Voss [29] 2016 14 Trauma nr nr 3/14 0/14
Lee [30] 2006 1 Trauma 6 h after causative event 6/12 0/1 0/1
Popat [31] 2005 1 Trauma 5 h after causative event - 1/1 0/1
Amagasaki [32] 1998 1 Trauma “Immediate decompression” 6/6 0/1 0/1
Gauden [33] 2012 1 Intracranial surgery nr nr 0/1 0/1
Pahl [34] 2018 1 Intracranial surgery nr 6/60 0/1 0/1
Yu [35] 2008 1 Spine surgery (prone position) 28 h after surgery nr 1/1 0/1
Colletti [36] 2012 8 Trauma (2) and maxilla-facial surgery (6) a. Almost 2.6 h from traumatic event
b. 12.7 h after surgery
a. two restored vision (traumatic)
b. Three impaired vision and two restored vision
a. 0/2 traumatic
b. 1/6 after surgery
0/8