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Table 1 Presenting clinical and demographic data from patients admitted to GSH with penetrating renal injuries from April 30, 2015 to January 30, 2019

From: Penetrating renal injuries: an observational study of non-operative management and the impact of opening Gerota’s fascia

  Overall (N = 150) GSW (N = 82) Stab (N = 68) p-value
Median age (year) (IQR) 25.5 (IQR = 21–31) 26.5 (IQR = 21–31.5) 25.0 (IQR = 22–31) 0.56
% Male 95.3% 93.9% 97.1% 0.36
Median # of wounds 2 (IQR = 1–4) 2 (IQR = 1–4) 2 (IQR = 1–4) 0.56
HIV status (% positive) 5.3% 7.3% 2.9% 0.23
Mean presenting HR (bpm ± 95% CI) 91.4 ± 3.7 95.6 ± 5.2 86.2 ± 3.2 0.01
Mean presenting SBP (mmHg ± 95% CI 128.6 ± 3.9 129.0 ± 6.0 128.2 ± 4.7 0.41
Mean ISS 21.3 ± 2.7 28.2 ± 4.2 13.2 ± 1.7  < 0.05
Presenting pH 7.33 ± 0.02 7.32 ± 0.03 7.33 ± 0.02 0.30
Initial lactate 2.8 ± 0.5 3.1 ± 0.6 2.5 ± 0.9 0.26
Presenting Hb 126.2 ± 2.0 130.0 ± 2.6 115.0 ± 1.3 0.78
Peritonitis (%) 36.7 58.5 10.2  < 0.05
Hemodynamic Instability (%) 6.0 8.5 2.9 0.15
Isolated renal injury (%) 33.3 6.1 66.2  < 0.05
  1. Y years, IQR Interquartile range, SBP systolic blood pressure, ISS injury severity score, Hb hemoglobin, GSW Gunshot wound. Hemodynamic instability is defined as a SBP < 90 mmHG, or HR > 100 beats per minute