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  1. The aim of this study is to review the literature focusing on various treatments based on time of tracheal injury and on different surgeons’ personal experience.

    Authors: Nicola Tartaglia, Roberta Iadarola, Alessandra Di Lascia, Pasquale Cianci, Alberto Fersini and Antonio Ambrosi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:15

    Content type: Review

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  2. The quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) alone has a poor sensitivity for predicting mortality in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections, and plasma lactate levels have been shown to...

    Authors: Yun Tae Jung, Jiyeon Jeon, Jung Yun Park, Myung Jun Kim, Seung Hwan Lee and Jae Gil Lee

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:14

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Optimal management of emergency surgical patients represents one of the major health challenges worldwide. Emergency general surgery (EGS) was identified as multidisciplinary surgery performed for traumatic an...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Yoram Kluger, Luca Ansaloni, Ernest E. Moore, Raul Coimbra, Gustavo P. Fraga, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Andrew Peitzman, Ron Maier, Gianluca Baiocchi, Vanni Agnoletti, Emiliano Gamberini, Ari Leppaniemi, Rao Ivatury, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:13

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. The objective of this study is to propose three new adjustments to the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) equation and compare their performances with the original TRISS as well as this index with coeffi...

    Authors: Cristiane de Alencar Domingues, Raul Coimbra, Renato Sérgio Poggetti, Lilia de Souza Nogueira and Regina Marcia Cardoso de Sousa

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:12

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is a major threat to patients with trauma and spontaneous bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate early effects of vasopressin on metabolic and hemodynamic parameters and endot...

    Authors: Roberto Bini, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Giorgio Olivero, Antonella Trombetta and Paolo Cotogni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:11

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Acute perforated cholecystitis (APC) is probably the most severe benign gallbladder pathology with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The cause of APC has not been fully understood. We postulated that APC ...

    Authors: Stefan Jansen, Maciej Stodolski, Hubert Zirngibl, Daniel Gödde and Peter C. Ambe

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The traditional sequence of trauma care: Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) has been practiced for many years. It became the standard of care despite the lack of scientific evidence. We hypothesized that pat...

    Authors: Paula Ferrada, Rachael A. Callcut, David J. Skarupa, Therese M. Duane, Alberto Garcia, Kenji Inaba, Desmond Khor, Vincent Anto, Jason Sperry, David Turay, Rachel M. Nygaard, Martin A. Schreiber, Toby Enniss, Michelle McNutt, Herb Phelan, Kira Smith…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physio...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E. Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Bruno M. Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:7

    Content type: Review

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  9. The Global Alliance for Infections in Surgery appreciates the great effort of the task force who derived and validated the Sepsis-3 definitions and considers the new definitions an important step forward in th...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Yoram Kluger, Luca Ansaloni, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Jordi Rello, Richard R. Watkins, Matteo Bassetti, Eleni Giamarellou, Federico Coccolini, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Abdulrashid K. Adesunkanmi, Goran Augustin, Gian L. Baiocchi, Miklosh Bala, Oussema Baraket, Marcelo A. Beltran…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:6

    Content type: Review

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  10. Iatrogenic colonoscopy perforation (ICP) is a severe complication that can occur during both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Although 45–60% of ICPs are diagnosed by the endoscopist while performing the...

    Authors: Nicola de’Angelis, Salomone Di Saverio, Osvaldo Chiara, Massimo Sartelli, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Franca Patrizi, Dieter G. Weber, Luca Ansaloni, Walter Biffl, Offir Ben-Ishay, Miklosh Bala, Francesco Brunetti, Federica Gaiani, Solafah Abdalla, Aurelien Amiot, Hany Bahouth…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:5

    Content type: Review

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  11. The optimal timing for emergency surgical interventions and implementation of protocols for trauma surgery is insufficient in the literature. The Groote Schuur emergency surgery triage (GSEST) system, based on...

    Authors: Sharfuddin Chowdhury, Andrew John Nicol, Mahammed Riyaad Moydien, Pradeep Harkison Navsaria and Luis Felipe Montoya-Pelaez

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Explosions are classified as both man-made and complex accidents. Explosive events can cause serious damage to people, property, and the environment. This study aimed to investigate the pattern and nature of d...

    Authors: Katayoun Jahangiri, Hasan Ghodsi, Ali Khodadadizadeh and Sadegh Yousef Nezhad

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  13. After 52 years of war in 2012, the Colombian government began the negotiation of a process of peace, and by November 2012, a truce was agreed. We sought to analyze casualties who were admitted to the intensive...

    Authors: Carlos A. Ordoñez, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Maria Paula Naranjo, Esteban Foianini, Cecibel Cevallos, Maria Alejandra Londoño, Alvaro I. Sanchez Ortiz, Alberto F. García and Ernest E. Moore

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A position paper (PP) should establish a unified voice in areas where controversy occurs based upon multiple practices and/or therapeutic choices. Typically, a position paper should elucidate the knowledge gap...

    Authors: Miklosh Bala, Jeffry Kashuk, Ernest E. Moore, Fausto Catena, Ari Leppaniemi, Luca Ansaloni, Walter Biffl, Federico Coccolini, Andrew Peitzman, Massimo Sartelli, Michael Sugrue, Gustavo P. Fraga, Salomone Di Saverio and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:1

    Content type: Review

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  15. Diagnosis of appendicitis is still clinically challenging where resources are limited. The purpose of this study was to develop and externally validate Ramathibodi Appendicitis Score (RAMA-AS) in aiding diagno...

    Authors: Chumpon Wilasrusmee, Boonying Siribumrungwong, Samart Phuwapraisirisan, Napaphat Poprom, Patarawan Woratanarat, Panuwat Lertsithichai, John Attia and Ammarin Thakkinstian

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:49

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (pTBI) have not been adequately documented from the rapidly developing countries in the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe...

    Authors: Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Hassan Al-Thani, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Gaby Jabbour and Khalid A. Alyafei

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:48

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Opportunities to improve emergency surgery outcomes exist through guided better practice and reduced variability. Few attempts have been made to define optimal care in emergency surgery, and few clinically der...

    Authors: M. Sugrue, R. Maier, E. E. Moore, M. Boermeester, F. Catena, F. Coccolini, A. Leppaniemi, A. Peitzman, G. Velmahos, L. Ansaloni, F. Abu-Zidan, P. Balfe, C. Bendinelli, W. Biffl, M. Bowyer, M. DeMoya…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:47

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Appendectomy has long been the mainstay of intervention for acute appendicitis, aiming at preventing perforation, peritonitis, abscess formation and recurrence. With better understanding of the disease process...

    Authors: Samuel Ho Ting Poon, Jennifer Wah Yan Lee, Ka Man NG, Gloria Wing Yan Chiu, Brian Yung Kong Wong, Chi Chung Foo and Wai Lun Law

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:46

    Content type: Review

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  19. Falls of children from heights (balconies and windows) usually result in severe injuries and death. Details on child falls from heights in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are not easily accessible. Our aim was ...

    Authors: Michal Grivna, Hanan M. Al-Marzouqi, Maryam R. Al-Ali, Nada N. Al-Saadi and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:45

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Intestinal ligation is the cornerstone for damage control in abdominal emergency, yet it may lead to bowel ischemia. Although intestinal ligation avoids further peritoneal cavity pollution, it may lead to an i...

    Authors: Jun Ke, Weihang Wu, Nan Lin, Weijin Yang, Zhicong Cai, Wei Wu, Dongsheng Chen and Yu Wang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:44

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Thoracic trauma is a relevant source of comorbidity throughout multiply-injured patient care. We aim to determine a measurable influence of chest trauma’s severity on early resuscitation, intensive care therap...

    Authors: Jörg Bayer, Rolf Lefering, Sylvia Reinhardt, Jan Kühle, Jörn Zwingmann, Norbert P. Südkamp and Thorsten Hammer

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:43

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta has been a hot topic in trauma resuscitation during these last years. The aims of this systematic review are to analyze when, how, and where this techn...

    Authors: Emiliano Gamberini, Federico Coccolini, Beatrice Tamagnini, Costanza Martino, Vittorio Albarello, Marco Benni, Marcello Bisulli, Nicola Fabbri, Tal Martin Hörer, Luca Ansaloni, Carlo Coniglio, Marco Barozzi and Vanni Agnoletti

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:42

    Content type: Review

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  23. The urine output is an important clinical parameter of renal function and blood volume status, especially in critically ill multiple trauma patients. In the present study, the minute-to-minute urine flow rate ...

    Authors: Evgeni Brotfain, Yoram Klein, Ronen Toledano, Leonid Koyfman, Dmitry Frank, Micha Y. Shamir and Moti Klein

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:41

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Spleen injuries are among the most frequent trauma-related injuries. At present, they are classified according to the anatomy of the injury. The optimal treatment strategy, however, should keep into considerat...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Fausto Catena, Yoram Kluger, Walter Biffl, Ernest E. Moore, Viktor Reva, Camilla Bing, Miklosh Bala, Paola Fugazzola, Hany Bahouth, Ingo Marzi, George Velmahos, Rao Ivatury, Kjetil Soreide, Tal Horer…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:40

    Content type: Review

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  25. The open abdomen (OA) is defined as intentional decision to leave the fascial edges of the abdomen un-approximated after laparotomy (laparostomy). The abdominal contents are potentially exposed and therefore m...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Ernest E. Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, Marc De Moya, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:39

    Content type: Review

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  26. Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is typically defined as a group of diseases characterized by an interruption of the blood supply to varying portions of the small intestine, leading to ischemia and secondary in...

    Authors: Miklosh Bala, Jeffry Kashuk, Ernest E. Moore, Yoram Kluger, Walter Biffl, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Offir Ben-Ishay, Chen Rubinstein, Zsolt J. Balogh, Ian Civil, Federico Coccolini, Ari Leppaniemi, Andrew Peitzman, Luca Ansaloni, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:38

    Content type: Review

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  27. Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal ...

    Authors: Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Gabrielle H. van Ramshorst, Giampiero Campanelli, Vladimir Khokha, Ernest E. Moore, Andrew Peitzman, George Velmahos, Frederick Alan Moore, Ari Leppaniemi, Clay Cothren Burlew, Walter L. Biffl, Kaoru Koike…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:37

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Authors: M. Sartelli, A. Chichom-Mefire, F. M. Labricciosa, T. Hardcastle, F. M. Abu-Zidan, A. K. Adesunkanmi, L. Ansaloni, M. Bala, Z. J. Balogh, M. A. Beltrán, O. Ben-Ishay, W. L. Biffl, A. Birindelli, M. A. Cainzos, G. Catalini, M. Ceresoli…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:36

    Content type: Erratum

    Published on:

    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:29

  29. Authors: M. Sartelli, D. G. Weber, E. Ruppé, M. Bassetti, B. J. Wright, L. Ansaloni, F. Catena, F. Coccolini, F. M. Abu-Zidan, R. Coimbra, E. E. Moore, F. A. Moore, R. V. Maier, J. J. De Waele, A. W. Kirkpatrick, E. A. Griffiths…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:35

    Content type: Erratum

    Published on:

    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:33

  30. Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs (ASPs) have been promoted to optimize antimicrobial usage and patient outcomes, and to reduce the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms. However, the best strategies...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Pamela Barbadoro, Leonardo Pagani, Luca Ansaloni, Adrian J. Brink, Jean Carlet, Ashish Khanna, Alain Chichom-Mefire, Federico Coccolini, Salomone Di Saverio, Addison K. May, Pierluigi Viale, Richard R. Watkins, Luigia Scudeller, Lilian M. Abbo…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:34

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Selective non-operative management (NOM) for the treatment of blunt splenic trauma is safe. Currently, the feasibility of selective NOM for penetrating splenic injury (PSI) is unclear. Unfortunately, little is...

    Authors: Roy Spijkerman, Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Fatima Hoosain, Liezel Phyllis Taylor, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Taco Johan Blokhuis, Brian Leigh Warren and Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:33

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the ability of the delta neutrophil index (DNI) to predict histologically normal appendicitis preoperatively and to differentiate between simple and complicated appen...

    Authors: Dong Hyuk Shin, Young Suk Cho, Gyu Chong Cho, Hee Cheol Ahn, Seung Min Park, Seung Wook Lim, Young Taeck Oh, Ji Woong Cho, Sang O. Park and Young Hwan Lee

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The use of synthetic mesh for ventral hernia repair under contaminated conditions is a controversial issue due to the considerable risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This study aimed to review the outcomes...

    Authors: Sameh Hany Emile, Hesham Elgendy, Ahmad Sakr, Waleed Ahmed Gado, Ahmed Aly Abdelmawla, Mahmoud Abdelnaby and Alaa Magdy

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:31

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effect of REBOA, compared to resuscitative thoracotomy, on mortality and among non-compressible torso hemorrhage trauma patients.

    Authors: Ramiro Manzano Nunez, Maria Paula Naranjo, Esteban Foianini, Paula Ferrada, Erika Rincon, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo, Paola Burbano, Juan Pablo Herrera, Alberto F. García and Carlos A. Ordoñez

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:30

    Content type: Review

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  35. Intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) are common surgical emergencies and have been reported as major contributors to non-trauma deaths in the emergency departments worldwide.

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Alain Chichom-Mefire, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Timothy Hardcastle, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Abdulrashid K. Adesunkanmi, Luca Ansaloni, Miklosh Bala, Zsolt J. Balogh, Marcelo A. Beltrán, Offir Ben-Ishay, Walter L. Biffl, Arianna Birindelli, Miguel A. Cainzos, Gianbattista Catalini, Marco Ceresoli…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:29

    Content type: Review

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:36

  36. There is a well known relationship between hypoperfusion and postoperative complications like anastomotic leak. No studies have been done addressing this relationship in the context of abdominal trauma surgery...

    Authors: Andres Isaza-Restrepo, Jose F. Moreno-Mejia, Juan S. Martin-Saavedra and Milciades Ibañez-Pinilla

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:28

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The use of laparoscopy in managing haemodynamically stable patients with penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in developed countries is wildly practiced, but in Africa, the use of laparoscopy is still in its ...

    Authors: Zach M. Koto, Fusi Mosai and Oleh Y. Matsevych

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Trauma characteristics and its management is influenced by socioeconomic context. Cardiac trauma constitutes a challenge for surgeons, and outcomes depend on multiple factors including initial care, characteri...

    Authors: Andres Isaza-Restrepo, Dínimo José Bolívar-Sáenz, Marcos Tarazona-Lara and José Rafael Tovar

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:26

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Surgical site infections (SSIs) constitute a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, duration of hospital stay, and overall costs. The bacterial pathogens implicated most frequently are Streptoco...

    Authors: G. Sganga, C. Tascini, E. Sozio and S. Colizza

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:25

    Content type: Methodology

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  40. The conservative treatment of liver trauma has made important progress over the last 10 years at the Trauma University Hospital in Tirana, Albania. The percentage of success was 58.7%. The aims of this study w...

    Authors: S. Buci, M. Torba, A. Gjata, I. Kajo, Gj. Bushi and K. Kagjini

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:24

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital abnormality, rare in adults with a frequency of 0.17–6%. Diaphragmatic rupture is an infrequent consequence of trauma, occurring in about 5% of severe clos...

    Authors: Mario Testini, Antonia Girardi, Roberta Maria Isernia, Angela De Palma, Giovanni Catalano, Angela Pezzolla and Angela Gurrado

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:23

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:48

  42. This paper reports on the consensus conference on the management of intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) which was held on July 23, 2016, in Dublin, Ireland, as a part of the annual World Society of Emergency Sur...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Walter L. Biffl, Marja A. Boermeester, Marco Ceresoli, Osvaldo Chiara, Federico Coccolini, Jan J. De Waele, Salomone Di Saverio, Christian Eckmann, Gustavo P. Fraga, Maddalena Giannella, Massimo Girardis, Ewen A. Griffiths…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:22

    Content type: Review

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  43. Emergent pancreaticoduodenectomy is a life-saving procedure in certain clinical scenarios when all the conservative treatment fails. The indications can be limited into perforation and bleeding. To clarify the...

    Authors: Chun-Yi Tsai, Bo-Ru Lai, Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Shih-Ching Kang, Chun-Nan Yeh, Yi-Yin Jan and Ta-Sen Yeh

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:21

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Modern practice guidelines recommend index cholecystectomy (IC) for patients admitted with gallstone pancreatitis (GSP). However, this benchmark has been difficult to widely achieve. Previous work has demonstr...

    Authors: Patrick B. Murphy, Dave Paskar, Richard Hilsden, Jennifer Koichopolos and Tina S. Mele

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Traumatic, non-iatrogenic esophageal injuries, despite their rarity, are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The optimal management of these esophageal perforations remains largely debated. To...

    Authors: Alberto Aiolfi, Kenji Inaba, Gustavo Recinos, Desmond Khor, Elizabeth R. Benjamin, Lydia Lam, Aaron Strumwasser, Emanuele Asti, Luigi Bonavina and Demetrios Demetriades

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) may detect residual stones in the common bile duct (CBD) after acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). The aim of the present study is to analyze the utility of IOC in detecting ...

    Authors: Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Moamena El-Matbouly, Ibnouf Sulieman, Ahmad Elfaki, Tamer El-Bakary, Sherif Abdelaziem, Salahdin Gehani, Adriana Toro and Isidoro Di Carlo

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:18

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) has been criticized for being based on data from the USA and Canada—high-income countries—and therefore, it may not be applicable to low-income and middle-income co...

    Authors: Cristiane de Alencar Domingues, Raul Coimbra, Renato Sérgio Poggetti, Lilia de Souza Nogueira and Regina Marcia Cardoso Sousa

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Currently, both the step-up approach, combining percutaneous drainage (PD) and video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD), and endoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (ETN) are mini-invasive techniques for...

    Authors: Luca Sorrentino, Osvaldo Chiara, Massimiliano Mutignani, Fabrizio Sammartano, Paolo Brioschi and Stefania Cimbanassi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:16

    Content type: Review

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  49. In the USA alone, around 22 million patients annually discuss the need for surgical procedure with their surgeon. On a global scale, more than 200 million patients are exposed to the risk of undergoing a surgi...

    Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Ivor S. Douglas, Todd F. VanderHeiden and Sebastian Weckbach

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:15

    Content type: Review

    Published on: