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  1. Content type: Research article

    The staged laparotomy in the operative management of emergency general surgery (EGS) patients is an extension of trauma surgeons operating on this population. Indications for its application, however, are not ...

    Authors: Robert D. Becher, Andrew B. Peitzman, Jason L. Sperry, Jared R. Gallaher, Lucas P. Neff, Yankai Sun, Preston R. Miller and Michael C. Chang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:10

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurements have been identified as essential for diagnosis and management of both intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). It has gained pro...

    Authors: Ajeet Ramamani Tiwari and Jayashri Sanjay Pandya

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:9

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  3. Content type: Commentary

    Mass casualty incident continues to overwhelm medical systems worldwide.

    Authors: Offir Ben-Ishay, Michele Mitaritonno, Fausto Catena, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:8

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to identify the diagnostic role of plasma calprotectin value for a distinction of presence acute appendicitis and the indifference of uncomplicated from complicated acute appendicitis.

    Authors: Murat Cikot, Kivanc Derya Peker, Mehmet Abdussamet Bozkurt, Ali Kocatas, Osman Kones, Sinan Binboga, Asuman Gedikbasi and Halil Alis

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:7

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Systemic immune response to injury plays a key role in the pathophysiological mechanism of blunt trauma. We tested the hypothesis that increased blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels of blunt trauma patients on em...

    Authors: Masashi Taniguchi, Taka-aki Nakada, Koichiro Shinozaki, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:6

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  6. Content type: Research article

    An occult pneumothorax is a pneumothorax that is not seen on a supine chest X-ray but is detected by computed tomography scanning. However, critical patients are difficult to transport to the computed tomograp...

    Authors: Shokei Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Sekine, Tomohiro Funabiki, Tomohiko Orita, Masayuki Shimizu, Kei Hayashida, Taku Kazamaki, Tatsuya Suzuki, Masanobu Kishikawa, Motoyasu Yamazaki and Mitsuhide Kitano

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:5

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Nowadays laparoscopy is used frequently not only in elective surgery but also in abdominal emergencies, including acute appendicitis. There are several techniques used to close the appendicular stump during la...

    Authors: Marcin Strzałka, Maciej Matyja and Kazimierz Rembiasz

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:4

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  8. Content type: Review

    To compare experience with solitary cecal diverticulum (SCD) with literature on the indication for appendectomy in cases of solitary cecal diverticulitis.

    Authors: Renol M. Koshy, Abdelrahman Abusabeib, Saif Al-Mudares, Mohamed Khairat, Adriana Toro and Isidoro Di Carlo

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:1

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Emergency surgical patients account for around half of all NHS surgical workload and 80 % of surgical deaths. Few trainees opt to CCT in General Surgery, and there is no recognised subspecialty training progra...

    Authors: L. Pearce, S. R. Smith, E. Parkin, C. Hall, J. Kennedy and A. Macdonald

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:2

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The effects of obesity on injury severity and outcome have been studied in trauma patients but not in those who have experienced a fall. The aim of this study was to compare injury patterns, injury severities,...

    Authors: Jung-Fang Chuang, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Hang-Tsung Liu, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh and Ching-Hua Hsieh

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2016 11:3

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  11. Content type: Review

    A displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture (DIACF) is known for having a negative influence on the daily activities of patients. A health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome instrument is used to quant...

    Authors: G. Alexandridis, A. C. Gunning and L. P. H. Leenen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:62

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To validate a new practical Sepsis Severity Score for patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) including the clinical conditions at the admission (severe sepsis/septic shock), the origin of...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Fausto Catena, Ewen A. Griffiths, Salomone Di Saverio, Raul Coimbra, Carlos A. Ordoñez, Ari Leppaniemi, Gustavo P. Fraga, Federico Coccolini, Ferdinando Agresta, Asrhaf Abbas, Saleh Abdel Kader, John Agboola, Adamu Amhed, Adesina Ajibade…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:61

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  13. Content type: Review

    Advances in the technology and improved access to imaging modalities such as Computed Tomography and laparoscopy have changed the contemporary diagnostic and management of acute appendicitis. Complicated appen...

    Authors: Carlos Augusto Gomes, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Felipe Couto Gomes and Camila Couto Gomes

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:60

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Acute cholecystitis is a common diagnosis and surgery is the standard of care for young and fit patients. However, due to high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality, surgical management of critically i...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Peter C. Ambe and Hubert Zirngibl

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:59

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is defined as a sustained elevation in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) greater than or equal to 12 mmHg. IAH has been shown to cause organ derangements and dysfunction in the ...

    Authors: Job Kuteesa, Olivia Kituuka, Dan Namuguzi, Cynthia Ndikuno, Samuel Kirunda, David Mukunya and Moses Galukande

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:57

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  16. Content type: Review

    Injury to the inferior phrenic artery after blunt trauma is an extremely rare event, and it may occur under unanticipated conditions. This case report describes an injury to the left inferior phrenic artery ca...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki, Kei Shibuya, Minoru Kaneko, Ayana Koizumi, Masato Murata, Jun Nakajima, Shuichi Hagiwara, Masahiko Kanbe, Yoshinori Koyama, Yoshito Tsushima and Kiyohiro Oshima

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:58

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  17. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Yoram Kluger, Ofir Ben Ishay, Massimo Sartelli, Amit Katz, Luca Ansaloni, Carlos Augusto Gomez, Walter Biffl, Fausto Catena, Gustavo P. Fraga, Salomone Di Saverio, Augustin Goran, Wagih Ghnnam, Jeffry Kashuk, Ari Leppäniemi, Sanjay Marwah, Ernest E. Moore…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:56

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    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:48

  18. Content type: Research article

    Occult hip fractures are often difficult to identify in busy trauma units. We aimed to present our institutions experience in the diagnosis and treatment of occult fractures around the hip and to help define a...

    Authors: Bogdan Deleanu, Radu Prejbeanu, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Dinu Vermesan, Dan Crisan, Horia Haragus, Vlad Predescu and Florin Birsasteanu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:55

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  19. Content type: Research article

    An abdominal inflammatory focus is the second most often source of sepsis with a high risk of death in surgical intensive care units. By establishing evidence-based bundled strategies the surviving sepsis camp...

    Authors: Andreas Hecker, E. Schneck, R. Röhrig, F. Roller, B. Hecker, J. Holler, C. Koch, M. Hecker, M. Reichert, C. Lichtenstern, G. A. Krombach, W. Padberg and M. A. Weigand

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:54

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of cysteine-rich and low molecular-weight proteins that can regulate metal metabolism and act as antioxidants. Recent studies showed that MTs played a protective role in exc...

    Authors: Keqin Luo, Huibao Long, Bincan Xu and Yanling Luo

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:53

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  21. Content type: Review

    The presence at CT scan of more retained bullets than expected could be a very difficult interpretation challenge in the early management of gunshot wounds. The modern non operative management of haemodinamica...

    Authors: Silvia Ministrini, Gianluca Baiocchi, Frida Pittiani, Daniele Lomiento, Federico Gheza and Nazario Portolani

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:52

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  22. Content type: Review

    Primary appendectomy is the current standard of care for treating uncomplicated acute appendicitis, but interest in conservative treatment with antibiotics alone has been increasing in recent years. Clinical t...

    Authors: Leonardo Lima Rocha, Felipe Martin Bianco Rossi, Camila Menezes Souza Pessoa, Flavia Nunes Dias Campos, Carlos Eduardo Fonseca Pires and Milton Steinman

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:51

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of transcatheter thrombolysis in acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (ASMVT) associated with bowel necrosis.

    Authors: Kai Liu, Jiaxiang Meng, Shuofei Yang, Baochen Liu, Weiwei Ding, Xingjiang Wu and Jieshou Li

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:50

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  24. Content type: Review

    Trauma, both blunt and penetrating, is extremely common worldwide, as trauma to major vessels. The management of these patients requires specialized surgical skills and techniques of the trauma surgeon. Furthe...

    Authors: Bruno Monteiro T. Pereira, Osvaldo Chiara, Fabio Ramponi, Dieter G. Weber, Stefania Cimbanassi, Belinda De Simone, Korana Musicki, Guilherme Vieira Meirelles, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Cino Bendinelli and Gustavo Pereira Fraga

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:49

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  25. Content type: Commentary

    Caustic material ingestion injuries (CMI) are uncommon. Only 5,000 cases are reported in the United States each year and most acute care healthcare facilities admit only a few cases annually. Accordingly, no s...

    Authors: Yoram Kluger, Ofir Ben Ishay, Massimo Sartelli, Amit Katz, Luca Ansaloni, Carlos Augusto Gomez, Walter Biffl, Fausto Catena, Gustavo P. Fraga, Salomone Di Saverio, Augustin Goran, Wagih Ghnnam, Jeffry Kashuk, Ari Leppäniemi, Sanjay Marwah, Ernest E. Moore…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:48

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:56

  26. Content type: Research article

    Secondary peritonitis due to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract is one of the most common surgical emergencies all over the world and is associated with significantly morbidity and mortality. Previous s...

    Authors: Amri Mabewa, Jeremiah Seni, Phillipo L. Chalya, Stephen E. Mshana and Japhet M. Gilyoma

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:47

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Lesions of the upper digestive tract due to ingestion of caustic agents still represent a major medical and surgical emergency worldwide. The work-up of these patients is poorly defined and no clear therapeuti...

    Authors: Luigi Bonavina, Mircea Chirica, Ognjan Skrobic, Yoram Kluger, Nelson A. Andreollo, Sandro Contini, Aleksander Simic, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Gustavo P. Fraga, Carlo Locatelli, Osvaldo Chiara, Jeffry Kashuk, Federico Coccolini, Yuri Macchitella, Massimiliano Mutignani…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:44

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a complex disease with a high mortality rate. A patient’s chance of survival depends on early diagnosis and rapid revascularization to prevent progression of intestinal gangr...

    Authors: Mansur Duran, E. Pohl, K. Grabitz, H. Schelzig, T. A. Sagban and F. Simon

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:45

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is reported to occur in 1–2 % of blunt trauma patients. Clinical and radiologic risk factors for BCVI have been described to help identify patients that require screening fo...

    Authors: Lewis E. Jacobson, Mary Ziemba-Davis and Argenis J. Herrera

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:46

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic injuries are amongst the leading causes of death worldwide, frequently as a result of uncontrolled hemorrhage. Critical deficiencies in clotting factors have been noted in trauma-induced coagulopathy...

    Authors: Manuel Burggraf, Arzu Payas, Max Daniel Kauther, Carsten Schoeneberg and Sven Lendemans

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:43

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This paper presents an epidemiologic study of appendicitis in Taiwan over a twelve-year period. An analysis of the incidence in the low-income population (LIP) is included to explore the effects of lower socio...

    Authors: Kai-Biao Lin, K. Robert Lai, Nan-Ping Yang, Chien-Lung Chan, Yuan-Hung Liu, Ren-Hao Pan and Chien-Hsun Huang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:42

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Computerized tomography (CT) has become an important diagnostic modality in trauma patients. Pediatric patients are particularly susceptible to ionized radiation making liberal CT use in this age group unaccep...

    Authors: Yehuda Hershkovitz, Sergei Naveh, Boris Kessel, Zahar Shapira, Ariel Halevy and Igor Jeroukhimov

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:41

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  33. Content type: Review

    The liver is the most injured organ in abdominal trauma. Road traffic crashes and antisocial, violent behavior account for the majority of liver injuries. The present position paper represents the position of ...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Fausto Catena, Salomone Di Saverio, Walter Biffl, Ernest E. Moore, Andrew B. Peitzman, Sandro Rizoli, Gregorio Tugnoli, Massimo Sartelli, Roberto Manfredi and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:39

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  34. Content type: Review

    In the last two decades there have been dramatic changes in the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), with increases in incidence and severity of disease in many countries worldwide. The incidenc...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Mark A. Malangoni, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Ewen A. Griffiths, Stefano Di Bella, Lynne V. McFarland, Ian Eltringham, Vishal G. Shelat, George C. Velmahos, Ciarán P. Kelly, Sahil Khanna, Zaid M. Abdelsattar, Layan Alrahmani, Luca Ansaloni, Goran Augustin, Miklosh Bala…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:38

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  35. Content type: Commentary

    Actually the most common indications for Open Abdomen (OA) are trauma, abdominal sepsis, severe acute pancreatitis and more in general all those situations in which an intra-abdominal hypertension condition is...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Roberto Manfredi, Gabriela Elisa Nita, Ernest E. Moore, Walter Biffl, Rao Ivatury, James Whelan, Gustavo Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:37

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  36. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate whether early administration of high plasma to red blood cells ratios influences outcomes in injured patients who received massive transfusion protocol (MTP).

    Authors: Ruben Peralta, Adarsh Vijay, Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Husham Abdelrahman, Ashok Parchani, Ibrahim Afifi, Ahmad Zarour, Hassan Al-Thani and Rifat Latifi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:36

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  37. Content type: Review

    The open abdomen (OA) procedure is a significant surgical advance, as part of damage control techniques in severe abdominal trauma. Its application can be adapted to the advantage of patients with severe abdom...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Miklosh Bala, Marcelo A. Beltrán, Walter L. Biffl, Fausto Catena, Osvaldo Chiara, Federico Coccolini, Raul Coimbra, Zaza Demetrashvili, Demetrios Demetriades, Jose J. Diaz, Salomone Di Saverio, Gustavo P. Fraga, Wagih Ghnnam…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:35

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Severe liver injury in trauma patients still accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. Operative techniques in liver trauma are some of the most challenging. They include the broad and complex area, fr...

    Authors: Krstina Doklestić, Branislav Stefanović, Pavle Gregorić, Nenad Ivančević, Zlatibor Lončar, Bojan Jovanović, Vesna Bumbaširević, Vasilije Jeremić, Sanja Tomanović Vujadinović, Branislava Stefanović, Nataša Milić and Aleksandar Karamarković

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:34

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic fractures can result in life-threatening hemorrhages. Therefore, pelvic fracture patients must usually be transferred to a trauma center for additional management. We attempted to analyze transferred pe...

    Authors: Chih-Yuan Fu, Shang-Ju Yang, Chien-Hung Liao, Being-Chuan Lin, Shih-Ching Kang, Shang-Yu Wang and Yu-Pao Hsu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:33

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  40. Content type: Review

    The indications for Open Abdomen (OA) are generally all those situations in which is ongoing the development an intra-abdominal hypertension condition (IAH), in order to prevent the development of abdominal co...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Walter Biffl, Fausto Catena, Marco Ceresoli, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Luca Fattori, Ari Leppaniemi, Roberto Manfredi, Giulia Montori, Giovanni Pesenti, Michael Sugrue and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:32

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  41. Content type: Research article

    An amputation of the upper extremity and the following replantation is still one of the most challenging operations in the field of reconstructive surgery, especially in extremely severe cases of combined muti...

    Authors: Katrin Stanger, Raymund E. Horch and Adrian Dragu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:30

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  42. Content type: Review

    Severe maxillofacial and neck trauma exposes patients to life threatening complications such as airway compromise and hemorrhagic shock. These conditions require rapid actions (diagnosis and management) and a ...

    Authors: Amir A. Krausz, Michael M. Krausz and Edoardo Picetti

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:31

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In pediatric care, the role of focused abdominal sonography in trauma (FAST) remains ill defined. The objective of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of FAST for detecting free peritoneal...

    Authors: Offir Ben-Ishay, Mai Daoud, Zvi Peled, Eran Brauner, Hany Bahouth and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:27

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The approach to the abdominal wall surgical repair is dramatically changed in the last years. This study evaluates our institutional outcomes about the usage of biological meshes for abdominal wall repair in d...

    Authors: Giulia Montori, Federico Coccolini, Roberto Manfredi, Marco Ceresoli, Luca Campanati, Stefano Magnone, Michele Pisano, Elia Poiasina, Gabriela Nita, Fausto Catena and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:28

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  45. Content type: Commentary

    The United Kingdom National Health Service treats both elective and emergency patients and seeks to provide high quality care, free at the point of delivery. Equal numbers of emergency and elective general sur...

    Authors: A. E. Sharrock, V. J. Gokani, R. L. Harries, L. Pearce, S. R. Smith, O. Ali, H. Chu, A. Dubois, H. Ferguson, G. Humm, M. Marsden, D. Nepogodiev, M. Venn, S. Singh, C. Swain and J. Kirkby-Bott

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:26

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  46. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to describe the time-course and microbiology of colonization of open abdomen in critically ill surgical patients and to study its association with morbidity, mortality and specific comp...

    Authors: Suvi Kaarina Rasilainen, Mentula Panu Juhani and Leppäniemi Ari Kalevi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:25

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Even after surgery and intensive postoperative management, the mortality rate associated with colorectal perforation is high. Identification of mortality markers using routinely available preoperative paramete...

    Authors: Takehito Yamamoto, Ryosuke Kita, Hideyuki Masui, Hiromitsu Kinoshita, Yusuke Sakamoto, Kazuyuki Okada, Junji Komori, Akira Miki, Kenji Uryuhara, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Hashida, Satoshi Kaihara and Ryo Hosotani

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:24

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) as defined by an admission Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) of 14–15 often do not require neurosurgical interventions, but which patients will go on to require neurosurg...

    Authors: Timothy E. Sweeney, Arghavan Salles, Odette A. Harris, David A. Spain and Kristan L. Staudenmayer

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2015 10:23

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