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Table 1 Common diagnostic findings and therapeutic procedures reported in the literature (cases 1–8) and the present case report (case 9)

From: Isolated right atrial appendage (RAA) rupture in blunt trauma – a case report and an anatomic study comparing RAA and right atrium (RA) wall thickness

FINDINGS THE CASES
Hemodynamics  
CVP ≥ 20 H2O 1, 3, 9
SBP ≤ 70 mmHg 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9
Thorax  
Bruised chest wall 2
Pneumothorax 4
Lung contusion 4
Sternal fracture 2, 6, 7
Cyanosis 1, 6
Muffled heart sounds 1, 2, 3, 4, 9
Enlarged heart silluette 4, 5, 6
Widened mediastinum 4, 5,,6, 9
Cardiac tamponade 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9
Pericardial tear associated to RAA injury 3
Hemothorax 3
Rib fracture 7, 8
Neck  
Neck vein distension 2, 5, 6
Abdomen  
Liver injury 1, 2, 4, 8, 9
Spleen injury 4, 8, 9
Extremity  
Lower limb fractures 1, 4, 7, 8, 9
SURGICAL PROCEDURES  
Pericardiocentesis 1, 3, 8
Laparotomy 1. 4. 5.7, 8, 9
Sub-xiphoidal pericardial window 4, 5, 7, 9
Opening of the diaphragm at laparotomy 3
Access to RAA:  
   Bilateral thoracotomy 9
   Medial sternotomy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
RAA injury repair:  
   Ligature 2
   Suture 1, 3, 4, 5, 6,7, 8, 9
  1. Main diagnostic and surgical findings and/or procedures performed in the 9 cases of isolated blunt traumatic rupture of the right atrium appendage (RAA) here discussed CVP: central venous pressue. SBP: systolic blood pressure. RAA: right atrium appendage. Figures in the right column of the Table represent the cases number: 1 (Trueblood et al [5]), 2 (Galton et al [6]), 3 (Leavitt et al [7]), 4 and 5 (Kupferschmidt et al [8]), 6 (Degiannis E et al [9]), 7 (Dagenais F et al [10]), 8 (Ilkjoer LB et al [11]).