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Table 3 Comparisons between patients with s-NOM and f-NOM

From: Non-operative management attempted for selective high grade blunt hepatosplenic trauma is a feasible strategy

  Non-operative (s-NOM) f-NOM P
Number of patients (n) 116 6 -
Gender (male) 69 (59.5%) 4 (66.7%) 1.00
Age (years) 32.34 ± 16.21 36.00 ± 26.69 0.69
SBP (mmHg) 119.44 ± 29.37 104.00 ± 26.35 0.25
HR (beats/min) 98.13 ± 20.13 98.17 ± 25.66 0.74
RR (breaths/min) 20.03 ± 3.59 20.67 ± 5.00 0.95
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.11 ± 2.27 8.67 ± 0.51 0.001
Endotracheal intubation (%) 11 (9.5%) 2 (33.3%) 0.12
Tube thoracostomy (%) 16 (13.8%) 2 (33.3%) 0.21
CT extravasation (%) 29 (25.0%) 1 (16.7%) 1.00
Large hemoperiotneum (%) 25 (21.6%) 3 (50.0%) 0.13
Alcohol (%) 79 (68.1%) 6 (100.0%) 0.17
GCS 13.88 ± 2.55 11.83 ± 5.15 0.44
ISS 19.36 ± 10.24 27.83 ± 9.80 0.06
Mechanism:    0.47
Motorcycle 79 (68%) 5 (83%)  
Motor vehicle 14 (12%) 1 (17%)  
Others 23 (10%) 0 (0%)  
Emergency room BT (U) 1.43 ± 2.05 2.33 ± 1.96 0.12
Hospitalization BT (U) 2.01 ± 4.15 10.17 ± 11.35 0.001
BT requirement (%) 67 (57.8%) 6 (100.0%) 0.08
Hospitalization (days) 13.22 ± 9.28 22.17 ± 21.12 0.33
ICU LOS (days) 4.19 ± 3.60 12.00 ± 10.60 0.02
Patients with associated injury (%) 91 (78.4%) 5 (83.3%) 1.00
Patients with complication(s) (%) 8 (6.8%) 0 (0.0%) 1.00
Mortality (%) 4 (3.4%) 2 (33.3%) 0.02
  1. s-NOM: Successful non-operative management; f-NOM: Failed non-operative management; SBP: Systolic blood pressure; CT: Computed tomography; GCS: Gasglow coma scale; ISS: Injury severity score; BT: Blood transfusion; ICU: Intensive care unit; LOS: Length of stay.