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Table 3 Risk factors for colonization of open abdomen with new pathogens*

From: Microbial colonization of open abdomen in critically ill surgical patients

  Hazard ratio 95 % CI p-value
Diagnosis    0.005
  Aortic pathology reference   
  SAP£ 2.15 0.92–5.04 0.077
  Peritonitis 5.69 2.18–14.84 <0.001
  Other diagnosis 2.79 1.14–6.84 0.025
Primary colonization 0.068 0.023–0.20 <0.001
  1. *All patients with at least one follow-up culture during open abdomen were included (n = 91). Preoperative abdominal compartment syndrome, primary colonization and diagnosis were included in backward stepwise Cox regression analysis
  2. £SAP = severe acute pancreatitis