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Table 3 Selective approach group (n = 130)

From: Safety in selective surgical exploration in penetrating neck trauma

  Number of patients (%)
Observation only 96 (74 %)
Surgical Exploration 34 (26 %)
Clinical Findings  
 None 39 (30 %)
 Bleeding 47 (36 %)
 Disphagia or odinophagia 11 (8 %)
 Stable Hematoma 10 (8 %)
 Hoarseness 9 (7 %)
 Hemoptysis 7 (5 %)
 Emphysema 6 (5 %)
 Stridor 1 (1 %)
Surgical Findings  
 Pharingoesophageal Injury 10 (29 %)
 Laringotracheal Injury 21 (62 %)
 Combined Aerodigestive Injury 3 (9 %)