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Table 1 Characteristics and severity

From: Effect of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta in hemodynamically unstable patients with multiple severe torso trauma: a retrospective study

  With REBOA (n = 15) Without REBOA (n = 92) p
Age, years 52.7 ± 19.8 52.1 ± 21.0 0.67
Male gender (%) 11 (73.3) 59 (64.1) 0.487
Mechanism of injury
 Motor vehicle accident 9 41 0.977
 Fall from a height 5 34  
 Stabbing 0 11  
 Compression 1 4  
 Gunshot 0 1  
 Violence 0 1  
Vital signs on admission
 GCS total score 11.0 (3.0–14.0) 9.0 (4.25–14.0) 0.83
 GCS < 9 (%) 6 (40.0) 45 (48.9) 0.522
 RR, per min 24.0 (24.0–30.0) 24.0 (18.0–30.0) 0.643
 SBP, mmHg 60.0 (52.0–90.0) 71.0 (56.5–84.5) 0.474
 BT, Celsius 36.0 (35.0–36.8) 36.0 (35.4–36.7) 0.804
 Pulse rate, beats per min 107.2 ± 24.4 108.7 ± 28.8 0.33
Laboratory evaluation
 pH 7.27 (7.13–7.44) 7.26 (7.08–7.35) 0.237
 Base excess, mmol/L − 9.7 (− 14.4 to − 3.2) − 9.7 (− 18.3 to − 5.7) 0.353
 Lactate, mg/dL 73.0 (36.0–91.0) 56.5 (36.0–100.0) 0.711
 D-dimer, μg/mL 82.0 (27.6–117.7) 43.5 (15.9–99.9) 0.338
 PT-INR 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 0.859
Trauma Score
 RTS 5.6 (2.6–6.6) 5.5 (3.5–6.6) 0.993
 ISS 50.0 (41.0–66.0) 41.0 (29.0–50.0) 0.097
 TRISS-Ps, % 43.3 (1.4–84.7) 36.9 (7.0–73.8) 0.76
Treatment outcome
 24-h mortality (%) 3 (20.0) 33 (35.9) 0.228
 In-hospital mortality (%) 6 (40.0) 52 (56.5) 0.234
  1. REBOA resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, RR respiratory rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, BT body temperature, PT-INR prothrombin time-international normalized ratio, RTS Revised Trauma Score, ISS Injury Severity Score, TRISS-Ps Probability of survival calculated by the Trauma and Injury Severity Score