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Table 4 Outcomes of treatment for blunt hepatic and splenic injuries

From: Non-operative management of blunt hepatic and splenic injury: a time-trend and outcome analysis over a period of 17 years

Length of hospital stay (days, missing = 4)
 Median (range) 14 (0–382) 16 (0–382) 13 (0–112) < 0.001
In-hospital mortality (% of all patients) 35 (4.8%) 28 (7.5%) 7 (1.9%) < 0.001
 Mortality of primary NOM patients 21 (3.5%) 17 (5.6%) 4 (1.3%) 0.006
 Mortality of primary surgical patients 14 (11%) 11 (15.9%) 3 (5.2%) 0.086
Cause of death (% of deaths)
 Sepsis 7 (20%) 7 (25%) 0 (0%) 0.436
 Hemorrhagic shock 3 (8.6%) 3 (10.7%) 0 (0%)
 Intracranial hypertension 11 (31.4%) 8 (28.6%) 3 (42.9%)
 Multiorgan failure 5 (14.3%) 3 (10.7%) 2 (28.6%)
 Cardiac dysfunction/infarction 1 (2.9%) 1 (3.6%) 0 (0%)
 Arrived with CPR, no ROSC 6 (17.1%) 5 (17.9%) 1 (14.3%)
 Other/unknown 2 (5.7%) 1 (3.6%) 1 (14.3%)
  1. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation