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  1. Content type: Methodology

    The present paper describes three cases where ER-REBOA® was used with partial aorta occlusion (AO), by performing a partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta or pREBOA, in an austere pr...

    Authors: J. C. de Schoutheete, I. Fourneau, F. Waroquier, L. De Cupere, M. O’Connor, K. Van Cleynenbreugel, J. C. Ceccaldi and S. Nijs

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:54

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Negative pressure wound therapy is now largely used to treat infected wounds. The prevention and reduction of healthcare-associated infections is a high priority for any Department of Health and great efforts ...

    Authors: Valerio Cozza, Gilda Pepe, Marco Cintoni, Flavio De Maio, Giuseppe Tropeano, Sabina Magalini, Gabriele Sganga, Giovanni Delogu and Daniele Gui

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:53

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Previous study revealed that rs2232618 polymorphism (Phe436Leu) within LBP gene is a functional variant and associated with susceptibility of sepsis in traumatic patients. Our aim was to confirm the reported a...

    Authors: Hong-xiang Lu, Jian-hui Sun, Da-lin Wen, Juan Du, Ling Zeng, An-qiang Zhang and Jian-xin Jiang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:52

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Post-cardiac arrest syndrome, which has no specific curative treatment, contributes to the high mortality rate of victims who suffer traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) and initially can be resuscitated. In the pre...

    Authors: Shaoyun Liu, Jiefeng Xu, Yuzhi Gao, Peng Shen, Senlin Xia, Zilong Li and Mao Zhang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:51

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  5. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Abdominopelvic trauma has been for decades classified with the AAST-OIS (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma—Organ Injury Scale) classification. It has represented a milestone. At present, the medic...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Yoram Kluger, Massimo Sartelli, Gianluca Baiocchi, Luca Ansaloni and Ernest Eugene Moore

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:50

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) may be effective in trauma management, its effect in patients with severe multiple torso trauma remains unclear.

    Authors: Hiroyuki Otsuka, Toshiki Sato, Keiji Sakurai, Hiromichi Aoki, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Shinichi Iizuka and Sadaki Inokuchi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:49

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  7. Content type: Review

    Small bowel obstruction is one of the most frequent emergencies in general surgery, commonly affecting elderly patients. Morbidity and mortality from small bowel obstruction in elderly is high. Significant pro...

    Authors: Ekin Ozturk, Marianne van Iersel, Martijn MWJ Stommel, Yvonne Schoon, Richard RPG ten Broek and Harry van Goor

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:48

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  8. Content type: Review

    The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) by non-radiologists has dramatically increased. POCUS is completely different from the routine radiological studies. POCUS is a Physiological, On spot, extension of ...

    Authors: Fikri M Abu-Zidan and Arif Alper Cevik

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:47

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressive infectious disease that primarily involves the fascia and subcutaneous tissue. If not promptly treated, it can lead to morbidity as well as mortality. It can...

    Authors: Chia-Peng Chang, Cheng-Ting Hsiao, Chun-Nan Lin and Wen-Chih Fann

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:45

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  10. Content type: Review

    Morbidly adherent placenta (MAP), which includes accreta, increta, and percreta, is a condition characterized by the invasion of the uterine wall by placental tissue. The condition is associated with higher od...

    Authors: Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Maria F. Escobar-Vidarte, Claudia P. Orlas, Juan P. Herrera-Escobar, Samuel M. Galvagno, Juan J. Melendez, Natalia Padilla, Justin C. McCarty, Albaro J. Nieto and Carlos A. Ordoñez

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:44

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Damage control surgery has revolutionized trauma surgery. Use of damage control surgery allows for resuscitation and reversal of coagulopathy at the risk of loss of abdominal domain and intra-abdominal complic...

    Authors: Parker Hu, Rindi Uhlich, Frank Gleason, Jeffrey Kerby and Patrick Bosarge

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:43

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  12. Content type: Review

    Foreign body (FB) impaction accounts for 4% of emergency endoscopies in clinical practice. Flexible endoscopy (FE) is recommended as the first-line therapeutic option because it can be performed under sedation...

    Authors: Davide Ferrari, Alberto Aiolfi, Gianluca Bonitta, Carlo Galdino Riva, Emanuele Rausa, Stefano Siboni, Francesco Toti and Luigi Bonavina

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:42

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis is a syndrome characterized by a constellation of clinical manifestations and a significantly high mortality rate in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU). It is frequently complicated by acute kidney ...

    Authors: Chao-Wei Lee, Hao-wei Kou, Hong-Shiue Chou, Hsu-huan Chou, Song-Fong Huang, Chih-Hsiang Chang, Chun-Hsing Wu, Ming-Chin Yu and Hsin-I Tsai

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:41

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric trauma has high morbidity and mortality, often requiring extensive hospital stays and interventions. The number of geriatric trauma patients is also increasing significantly and accounts for a large ...

    Authors: K. Verhoeff, P. Glen, A. Taheri, B. Min, B. Tsang, V. Fawcett and S. Widder

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:40

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In a previous study, we reported the usefulness of early abdominal wall reconstruction using bilateral anterior rectus abdominis sheath turnover flap method (turnover flap method) in open abdomen (OA) patients...

    Authors: Masatoku Arai, Shiei Kim, Hiromoto Ishii, Jun Hagiwara, Shigeki Kushimoto and Hiroyuki Yokota

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:39

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The triage system used during an actual mass burn casualty (MBC) incident is a major focus of concern. This study introduces a MBC triage system that was used by a burn center during an actual MBC incident fol...

    Authors: Chip-Jin Ng, Shih-Hao You, I-Lin Wu, Yi-Ming Weng, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Cheng-Yu Chien and Chen-June Seak

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:38

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  17. Content type: Commentary

    Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of best practices of infection prevention and management, many surgeons worldwide fail to implement them. Evidence-based practices tend to be underused in routine ...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Yoram Kluger, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Ernest E. Moore, Addison K. May, Kamal M. F. Itani, Donald E. Fry, Marja A. Boermeester, Xavier Guirao, Lena Napolitano, Robert G. Sawyer, Kemal Rasa, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:37

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  18. Content type: Review

    Obstruction and perforation due to colorectal cancer represent challenging matters in terms of diagnosis, life-saving strategies, obstruction resolution and oncologic challenge. The aims of the current paper a...

    Authors: Michele Pisano, Luigi Zorcolo, Cecilia Merli, Stefania Cimbanassi, Elia Poiasina, Marco Ceresoli, Ferdinando Agresta, Niccolò Allievi, Giovanni Bellanova, Federico Coccolini, Claudio Coy, Paola Fugazzola, Carlos Augusto Martinez, Giulia Montori, Ciro Paolillo, Thiago Josè Penachim…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:36

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The incidence rate of abdominal wall hernia is 20–40% in cirrhotic patients. A surgical approach was originally performed only if complication signs and symptoms occurred. Several recent studies have demonstra...

    Authors: Giuseppe Salamone, Leo Licari, Giovanni Guercio, Sofia Campanella, Nicolò Falco, Gregorio Scerrino, Sebastiano Bonventre, Girolamo Geraci, Gianfranco Cocorullo and Gaspare Gulotta

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:35

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Prediction of difficult airway is critical in the airway management of trauma patients. A LEMON method which consists of following assessments; Look-Evaluate-Mallampati-Obstruction-Neck mobility is a fast and eas...

    Authors: Sung-Mi Ji, Eun-Jin Moon, Tae-Jun Kim, Jae-Woo Yi, Hyungseok Seo and Bong-Jae Lee

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:33

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  21. Content type: Review

    The increasing prevalence of advanced cirrhosis among operative candidates poses a major challenge for the acute care surgeon. The severity of hepatic dysfunction, degree of portal hypertension, emergency of s...

    Authors: Michael S. Bleszynski, Alexsander K. Bressan, Emilie Joos, S. Morad Hameed and Chad G. Ball

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ischemic colitis remains a challenge for the surgeon, both in its diagnosis and treatment. Data from a single tertiary center, of patients diagnosed with ischemic colitis, was collected. An attempt was made to...

    Authors: Hayim Gilshtein, Kenan Hallon and Yoram Kluger

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:31

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) are generally associated with high-energy injury mechanisms. Less is known regarding lower-energy injuries in elderly patients. We sought to determine the incidence of BCV...

    Authors: Vincent P. Anto, Joshua B. Brown, Andrew B. Peitzman, Brian S. Zuckerbraun, Matthew D. Neal, Gregory Watson, Raquel Forsythe, Timothy R. Billiar and Jason L. Sperry

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:30

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Postoperative complications and delayed physical recovery are significant problems following emergency abdominal surgery. Physiotherapy aims to aid recovery and prevent complications in the acute phase after s...

    Authors: Ianthe Boden, Kate Sullivan, Claire Hackett, Brooke Winzer, Rebecca Lane, Melissa McKinnon and Iain Robertson

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:29

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Appendectomy is increasingly performed as a ‘short stay’ or ‘ambulatory’ procedure, yet there is no consensus for selection of patients with acute appendicitis for ambulatory surgery (AS). We aimed to compare ...

    Authors: Benoit Gignoux, Marie-Cecile Blanchet, Thomas Lanz, Alexandre Vulliez, Mo Saffarini, Hugo Bothorel, Maud Robert and Vincent Frering

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:28

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotic resistance (AMR) is a growing public health problem worldwide, in part related to inadequate antibiotic use. A better knowledge of physicians’ motivations, attitudes and practice about AMR and presc...

    Authors: Francesco M. Labricciosa, Massimo Sartelli, Sofia Correia, Lilian M. Abbo, Milton Severo, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Carlos Alves, Renato Bessa Melo, Gian Luca Baiocchi, José-Artur Paiva, Fausto Catena and Ana Azevedo

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:27

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Severe complicated intra-abdominal sepsis (SCIAS) has an increasing incidence with mortality rates over 80% in some settings. Mortality typically results from disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, progress...

    Authors: Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Derek J. Roberts, Matti Tolonen, Jessica L. McKee, Ari Leppaniemi, Peter Faris, Christopher J. Doig, Fausto Catena, Timothy Fabian, Craig N. Jenne, Osvaldo Chiara, Paul Kubes, Braden Manns, Yoram Kluger…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:26

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Fournier’s gangrene (FG) is a life-threatening infection of the genital, perineal, and perianal regions with a morbidity range between 3 and 67%. Our aim is to report our experience in treatment of FG and to a...

    Authors: C. Wetterauer, J. Ebbing, A. Halla, R. Kuehl, S. Erb, A. Egli, D. J. Schaefer and H. H. Seifert

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:25

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  29. Content type: Review

    Adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is a common surgical emergency, causing high morbidity and even some mortality. The adhesions causing such bowel obstructions are typically the footprints of previous ab...

    Authors: Richard P. G. ten Broek, Pepijn Krielen, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Walter L. Biffl, Luca Ansaloni, George C. Velmahos, Massimo Sartelli, Gustavo P. Fraga, Michael D. Kelly, Frederick A. Moore, Andrew B. Peitzman, Ari Leppaniemi, Ernest E. Moore, Johannes Jeekel, Yoram Kluger…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:24

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Superficial surgical site infection (SSI) is common after appendectomy. This study aims to determine a clinical prediction score for SSI after appendectomy in complicated appendicitis.

    Authors: Pinit Noorit, Boonying Siribumrungwong and Ammarin Thakkinstian

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:23

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Stump appendicitis is inflammation of remnant appendix tissue due to incomplete removal of the appendix. Due to appendectomy history, stump appendicitis diagnosis is usually delay and that can cause increase m...

    Authors: Enis Dikicier, Fatih Altintoprak, Kayhan Ozdemir, Kemal Gundogdu, Mustafa Yener Uzunoglu, Guner Cakmak, Feyyaz Onuray and Recai Capoglu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:22

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Elderly individuals who are hospitalized due to emergency abdominal surgery spend over 80% of their recovery time in bed, resulting in early and rapid muscle loss. As these elderly individuals have a lower phy...

    Authors: Alyssa McComb, Lindsey M. Warkentin, Margaret L. McNeely and Rachel G. Khadaroo

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:21

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  33. Content type: Review

    Non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the field of trauma and emergency medicine. In recent times, there has been a resurgence in the adoption of Re...

    Authors: Marcelo A. F. Ribeiro Junior, Celia Y. D. Feng, Alexander T. M. Nguyen, Vinicius C. Rodrigues, Giovana E. K. Bechara, Raíssa Reis de-Moura and Megan Brenner

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:20

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical disease, and appendectomy is the treatment of choice in the majority of cases. A correct diagnosis is key for decreasing the negative appendectomy rate. The ...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Gian L. Baiocchi, Salomone Di Saverio, Francesco Ferrara, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Deepak Vijayan, Ashraf Abbas, Hariscine K. Abongwa, John Agboola, Adamu Ahmed, Lali Akhmeteli, Nezih Akkapulu, Seckin Akkucuk, Fatih Altintoprak…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:19

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Implementation of an inclusive trauma system leads to reduced mortality rates, specifically in polytrauma patients. Field triage is essential in this mortality reduction. Triage systems are developed to identi...

    Authors: F. S. Würdemann, D. P. J. Smeeing, S. Ferree, F. Nawijn, E. J. M. M. Verleisdonk, L. P. H. Leenen, R. M. Houwert and F. Hietbrink

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:18

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Severe complicated intra-abdominal sepsis (SCIAS) is a worldwide challenge with increasing incidence. Open abdomen management with enhanced clearance of fluid and biomediators from the peritoneum is a potentia...

    Authors: Matti Tolonen, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Massimo Sartelli, Derek J. Roberts, Jessica L. McKee, Ari Leppaniemi, Christopher J. Doig, Fausto Catena, Timothy Fabian, Craig N. Jenne, Osvaldo Chiara, Paul Kubes, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo P. Fraga, Bruno M. Pereira…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:17

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  37. Content type: Research article

    To improve acute trauma care workflow, the number of trauma centers equipped with a computed tomography (CT) machine in the trauma resuscitation room has increased. The effect of the presence of a CT machine i...

    Authors: Shintaro Furugori, Makoto Kato, Takeru Abe, Masayuki Iwashita and Naoto Morimura

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:16

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  38. Content type: Review

    The aim of this study is to review the literature focusing on various treatments based on time of tracheal injury and on different surgeons’ personal experience.

    Authors: Nicola Tartaglia, Roberta Iadarola, Alessandra Di Lascia, Pasquale Cianci, Alberto Fersini and Antonio Ambrosi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:15

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) alone has a poor sensitivity for predicting mortality in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections, and plasma lactate levels have been shown to...

    Authors: Yun Tae Jung, Jiyeon Jeon, Jung Yun Park, Myung Jun Kim, Seung Hwan Lee and Jae Gil Lee

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:14

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  40. Content type: Commentary

    Optimal management of emergency surgical patients represents one of the major health challenges worldwide. Emergency general surgery (EGS) was identified as multidisciplinary surgery performed for traumatic an...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Yoram Kluger, Luca Ansaloni, Ernest E. Moore, Raul Coimbra, Gustavo P. Fraga, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Andrew Peitzman, Ron Maier, Gianluca Baiocchi, Vanni Agnoletti, Emiliano Gamberini, Ari Leppaniemi, Rao Ivatury, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:13

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study is to propose three new adjustments to the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) equation and compare their performances with the original TRISS as well as this index with coeffi...

    Authors: Cristiane de Alencar Domingues, Raul Coimbra, Renato Sérgio Poggetti, Lilia de Souza Nogueira and Regina Marcia Cardoso de Sousa

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:12

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is a major threat to patients with trauma and spontaneous bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate early effects of vasopressin on metabolic and hemodynamic parameters and endot...

    Authors: Roberto Bini, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Giorgio Olivero, Antonella Trombetta and Paolo Cotogni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:11

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Acute perforated cholecystitis (APC) is probably the most severe benign gallbladder pathology with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The cause of APC has not been fully understood. We postulated that APC ...

    Authors: Stefan Jansen, Maciej Stodolski, Hubert Zirngibl, Daniel Gödde and Peter C. Ambe

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:9

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The traditional sequence of trauma care: Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) has been practiced for many years. It became the standard of care despite the lack of scientific evidence. We hypothesized that pat...

    Authors: Paula Ferrada, Rachael A. Callcut, David J. Skarupa, Therese M. Duane, Alberto Garcia, Kenji Inaba, Desmond Khor, Vincent Anto, Jason Sperry, David Turay, Rachel M. Nygaard, Martin A. Schreiber, Toby Enniss, Michelle McNutt, Herb Phelan, Kira Smith…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:8

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  45. Content type: Review

    Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physio...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E. Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Bruno M. Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:7

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  46. Content type: Review

    The Global Alliance for Infections in Surgery appreciates the great effort of the task force who derived and validated the Sepsis-3 definitions and considers the new definitions an important step forward in th...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Yoram Kluger, Luca Ansaloni, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Jordi Rello, Richard R. Watkins, Matteo Bassetti, Eleni Giamarellou, Federico Coccolini, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Abdulrashid K. Adesunkanmi, Goran Augustin, Gian L. Baiocchi, Miklosh Bala, Oussema Baraket, Marcelo A. Beltran…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:6

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The optimal timing for emergency surgical interventions and implementation of protocols for trauma surgery is insufficient in the literature. The Groote Schuur emergency surgery triage (GSEST) system, based on...

    Authors: Sharfuddin Chowdhury, Andrew John Nicol, Mahammed Riyaad Moydien, Pradeep Harkison Navsaria and Luis Felipe Montoya-Pelaez

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2018 13:4

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