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  1. An acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) is observed in about one third of severely traumatized patients. This early, specific, and endogenous disorder is triggered by the association of trauma and hemorrhage. Th...

    Authors: Cedric Gangloff, Fanny Mingant, Michael Theron, Hubert Galinat, Ollivier Grimault, Yves Ozier and Karine Pichavant-Rafini

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:57

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Duodeno-pancreatic and extrahepatic biliary tree injuries are rare in both adult and pediatric trauma patients, and due to their anatomical location, associated injuries are very common. Mortality is primarily...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Leslie Kobayashi, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E. Moore, Luca Ansaloni, Walt Biffl, Ari Leppaniemi, Goran Augustin, Viktor Reva, Imitiaz Wani, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Enrico Cicuttin, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Carlos Ordonez, Emmanuil Pikoulis…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:56

    Content type: Review

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  3. Understanding injury patterns specific for paediatric casualties of armed conflict is essential to facilitate preparations by organizations that provide medical care in conflict areas. The aim of this retrospe...

    Authors: Frederike J. C. Haverkamp, Lisanne van Gennip, Måns Muhrbeck, Harald Veen, Andreas Wladis and Edward C. T. H. Tan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:55

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Renal and urogenital injuries occur in approximately 10-20% of abdominal trauma in adults and children. Optimal management should take into consideration the anatomic injury, the hemodynamic status, and the as...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Ernest E. Moore, Yoram Kluger, Walter Biffl, Ari Leppaniemi, Yosuke Matsumura, Fernando Kim, Andrew B. Peitzman, Gustavo P. Fraga, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Goran Augustin, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Imitiaz Wani, Dieter Weber…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:54

    Content type: Review

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  5. The acute phase management of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and polytrauma represents a major challenge. Guidelines for the care of these complex patients are lacking, and worldwide variabi...

    Authors: Edoardo Picetti, Sandra Rossi, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Rocco Armonda, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Miklosh Bala, Zsolt J. Balogh, Maurizio Berardino, Walter L. Biffl, Pierre Bouzat, Andras Buki, Marco Ceresoli, Randall M. Chesnut, Osvaldo Chiara, Giuseppe Citerio…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:53

    Content type: Review

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  6. Tractotomy has become the standard of care for transfixing through-and-through lung injuries as it can be performed quickly with little blood loss and a low risk of complications. However, packing with laparot...

    Authors: Alberto F. Garcia, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Juan Gabriel Bayona, Mauricio Millan and Juan C. Puyana

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:52

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Management of penetrating abdominal war injuries centers upon triage, echeloned care, and damage control. A civilian hospital based in a war zone can rarely rely upon these principles because it normally has l...

    Authors: Maurizio Cardi, Khushal Ibrahim, Shah Wali Alizai, Hamayoun Mohammad, Marco Garatti, Antonio Rainone, Francesco Di Marzo, Giuseppe La Torre, Michela Paschetto, Ludovica Carbonari, Valentina Mingarelli, Andrea Mingoli, Giuseppe S. Sica and Simone Sibio

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:51

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Antibiotics are the pillar of surgery from prophylaxis to treatment; any failure is potentially a leading cause for increased morbidity and mortality. Robust data on the burden of SSI especially those due to a...

    Authors: Katia Iskandar, Massimo Sartelli, Marwan Tabbal, Luca Ansaloni, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Mainul Haque, Francesco Maria Labricciosa, Ayad Moghabghab, Leonardo Pagani, Pierre Abi Hanna, Christine Roques, Pascale Salameh and Laurent Molinier

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:50

    Content type: Review

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  9. Hemorrhagic shock can lead to intestinal damage with subsequent hyperinflammation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). The intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is solely expressed in the i...

    Authors: Maika Voth, Thomas Lustenberger, Borna Relja and Ingo Marzi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:49

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The original article [1] contains a minor typo in reference 47 (reference [2] in this Correction article); the correct reference notation can be shown in the respective reference within this article.

    Authors: Mario Testini, Antonia Girardi, Roberta Maria Isernia, Angela De Palma, Giovanni Catalano, Angela Pezzolla and Angela Gurrado

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:48

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2017 12:23

  11. The original article [1] contained a typo in author, Federico Coccolini’s name. This has now been corrected.

    Authors: Christopher J. Doig, Stacey A. Page, Jessica L. McKee, Ernest E. Moore, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Rosemary Carroll, John C. Marshall, Peter D. Faris, Matti Tolonen, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Sam F. Minor, Bruno M. Peirera, Jose J. Diaz…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:47

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:39

  12. The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) Injury Severity Score (ICISS) is a risk adjustment model when injuries are recorded using ICD-9-CM coding. The trau...

    Authors: Muding Wang, Wusi Qiu, Yunji Zeng, Wenhui Fan, Xiao Lian and Yi Shen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:46

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) due to peptic ulcer disease is one of the leading causes of death in patients with non-variceal bleeding, resulting in up to 10% mortality rate, and the patient group at ...

    Authors: Aleksejs Kaminskis, Patricija Ivanova, Aina Kratovska, Sanita Ponomarjova, Margarita Ptašņuka, Jevgenijs Demičevs, Renate Demičeva, Viesturs Boka and Guntars Pupelis

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:45

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Bedside diagnostic ultrasound for traumatic pneumothorax is easy and reliable. However, the thoracic anatomical locations to be examined are debateable. We aimed to study the anatomical locations of blunt trau...

    Authors: Ashraf F. Hefny, Fathima T. Kunhivalappil, Manoj Paul, Taleb M. Almansoori, Taoufik Zoubeidi and Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:44

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Abdominal aortic injury (AAI) is a life-threatening condition that occurs in only 0.1% of all trauma admissions. Because of its rarity, the clinical features of AAI remain unclear. We investigated the characte...

    Authors: Yutaka Kondo, Hiroki Matsui and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:43

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The original article [1] contains an error in the title - the motif ‘pectoral assay’ should not be present and as such, the title should instead be: ‘Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis: lessons learned over 3...

    Authors: Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Mohamud Sheek-Hussein

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:42

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:33

  17. Adhesion barriers have proven to reduce adhesion-related complications in colorectal surgery. However, barriers are seldom applied. The aim of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of adhesion bar...

    Authors: Pepijn Krielen, Janneke P. C. Grutters, Chema Strik, Richard P. G. ten Broek, Harry van Goor and Martijn W. J. Stommel

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:41

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Far reaching sub-specialization tends to become obligatory for surgeons in most Western countries. It is suggested that exposure of surgeons to emergency laparotomy after trauma is ever declining. Therefore, i...

    Authors: Falco Hietbrink, Diederik Smeeing, Steffi Karhof, Henk Formijne Jonkers, Marijn Houwert, Karlijn van Wessem, Rogier Simmermacher, Geertje Govaert, Miriam de Jong, Ivar de Bruin and Luke Leenen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:40

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Severe complicated intra-abdominal sepsis (SCIAS) has high mortality, thought due in part to progressive bio-mediator generation, systemic inflammation, and multiple organ failure. Treatment includes early ant...

    Authors: Christopher J. Doig, Stacey A Page, Jessica L. McKee, Ernest E. Moore, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Rosemary Carroll, John C. Marshall, Peter D Faris, Matti Tolonen, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, Luca Ansaloni, Sam F. Minor, Bruno M. Peirera, Jose J Diaz…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:39

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:47

  20. Multiple rib fractures are common injuries in both the young and elderly. Rib fractures account for 10% of all trauma admissions and are seen in up to 39% of patients after thoracic trauma. With morbidity and ...

    Authors: Mathieu M. E. Wijffels, Jonne T. H. Prins, Suzanne Polinder, Taco J. Blokhuis, Erik R. De Loos, Roeland H. Den Boer, Elvira R. Flikweert, Albert F. Pull ter Gunne, Akkie N. Ringburg, W. Richard Spanjersberg, Pieter J. Van Huijstee, Gust Van Montfort, Jefrey Vermeulen, Dagmar I. Vos, Michael H. J. Verhofstad and Esther M. M. Van Lieshout

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. According to recently published findings, we hypothesized that serum interleukin-33 (IL-33) may qualify for predicting pulmonary complications in polytraumatized patients.

    Authors: Gabriel Halát, Thomas Haider, Michel Dedeyan, Thomas Heinz, Stefan Hajdu and Lukas L. Negrin

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:36

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) for patients with traumatic torso hemorrhagic shock is available to keep a minimum level of circulatory status as a bridge to definitive therap...

    Authors: Kento Nakajima, Hayato Taniguchi, Takeru Abe, Keishi Yamaguchi, Tomoki Doi, Ichiro Takeuchi and Naoto Morimura

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:35

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Timing and adequacy of peritoneal source control are the most important pillars in the management of patients with acute peritonitis. Therefore, early prognostic evaluation of acute peritonitis is paramount to...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Francesco M. Labricciosa, Yoram Kluger, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Ari Leppäniemi, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Matti Tolonen, Cristian Tranà, Jean-Marc Regimbeau, Timothy Hardcastle, Renol M. Koshy, Ashraf Abbas, Ulaş Aday, A. R. K. Adesunkanmi…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:34

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diagnosing abdominal tuberculosis remains a great challenge even for experienced clinicians. It is a great mimicker that has unusual presentations. A high index of suspicion is essential for reaching its diagn...

    Authors: Fikri M. Abu-Zidan and Mohamud Sheek-Hussein

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:33

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:42

  25. Surgical management of Hinchey III and IV diverticulitis utilizes either Hartmann’s procedure (HP) or primary resection anastomosis (PRA) with or without fecal diversion. The aim of this meta-analysis is to de...

    Authors: Hosam Halim, Alan Askari, Rebecca Nunn and James Hollingshead

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:32

    Content type: Review

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  26. Diverticular abscess diameter of 3–6 cm is generally accepted as a cutoff determining whether percutaneous drainage is recommended in addition to antibiotics, but this is not based on high-quality evidence. Th...

    Authors: Juha Mali, Panu Mentula, Ari Leppäniemi and Ville Sallinen

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:31

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) spleen trauma classification meets the need of an evolution of the current anatomical spleen injury scale considering both the anatomical lesions and their physiol...

    Authors: Federico Coccolini, Paola Fugazzola, Lucia Morganti, Marco Ceresoli, Stefano Magnone, Giulia Montori, Matteo Tomasoni, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Niccolò Allievi, Savino Occhionorelli, Yoram Kluger, Massimo Sartelli, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Luca Ansaloni and Fausto Catena

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:30

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A widespread shift to non-operative management (NOM) for blunt hepatic and splenic injuries has been observed in most centers worldwide. Furthermore, many countries introduced safety measures to systematically...

    Authors: Margot Fodor, Florian Primavesi, Dagmar Morell-Hofert, Veronika Kranebitter, Anna Palaver, Eva Braunwarth, Matthias Haselbacher, Ulrich Nitsche, Stefan Schmid, Michael Blauth, Eva Gassner, Dietmar Öfner and Stefan Stättner

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:29

    Content type: Research article

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  29. While transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is an effective way to control arterial bleeding associated with pelvic fracture, delayed TAE may increase mortality risk. The purpose of the current study was t...

    Authors: Chang-Hua Chou, Yu-Tung Wu, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chien-Hung Liao, Shang-Yu Wang, Francesco Bajani and Chi-Hsun Hsieh

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:28

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Although most patients with acute pancreatitis have the mild form of the disease, about 20–30% develops a severe form, often associated with single or multiple organ dysfunction requiring intensive care. Ident...

    Authors: Ari Leppäniemi, Matti Tolonen, Antonio Tarasconi, Helmut Segovia-Lohse, Emiliano Gamberini, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Chad G. Ball, Neil Parry, Massimo Sartelli, Daan Wolbrink, Harry van Goor, Gianluca Baiocchi, Luca Ansaloni, Walter Biffl, Federico Coccolini, Salomone Di Saverio…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:27

    Content type: Review

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  31. The esophagus traverses three body compartments (neck, thorax, and abdomen) and is surrounded at each level by vital organs. Injuries to the esophagus may be classified as foreign body ingestion, caustic inges...

    Authors: Mircea Chirica, Michael D. Kelly, Stefano Siboni, Alberto Aiolfi, Carlo Galdino Riva, Emanuele Asti, Davide Ferrari, Ari Leppäniemi, Richard P. G. ten Broek, Pierre Yves Brichon, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Gil Frey, Nelson Adami Andreollo, Federico Coccolini, Cristina Frattini…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:26

    Content type: Review

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  32. Laparoscopic appendectomy has progressively gained acceptance as the standard of care for acute appendicitis. Focusing on the incidence of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess after a laparoscopic appendectom...

    Authors: Stefano Piero Bernardo Cioffi, Michele Altomare, Andrea Spota, Stefano Granieri, Stefania Cimbanassi and Osvaldo Chiara

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Trauma leads to a complex inflammatory cascade that induces both immune activation and a refractory immune state in parallel. Although both components are deemed necessary for recovery, the balance is tight an...

    Authors: Lillian Hesselink, Roy Spijkerman, Karlijn J. P. van Wessem, Leo Koenderman, Luke P. H. Leenen, Markus Huber-Lang and Falco Hietbrink

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:24

    Content type: Review

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  34. Approximately 20% of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer will present with left-sided large bowel obstruction. The optimal management of this cohort of patients remains unclear. We aimed to review intern...

    Authors: Peter John Webster, Joanna Aldoori and Dermot Anthony Burke

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:23

    Content type: Review

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  35. To prepare for surgery, surgeons often recur to surgical videos, with YouTube being reported as the preferred source. This study aimed to compare the evaluation of three surgical trainees and three senior surg...

    Authors: Nicola de’Angelis, Paschalis Gavriilidis, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Pietro Genova, Margherita Notarnicola, Elisa Reitano, Niccolò Petrucciani, Solafah Abdalla, Riccardo Memeo, Francesco Brunetti, Maria Clotilde Carra, Salomone Di Saverio and Valerio Celentano

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:22

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Minimally invasive endoscopic hematoma evacuation is widely used in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage. However, this technique still has room for improvement. The intra-neuroendoscopic technique (INET)...

    Authors: Yujuan Zhang, Ai-Jun Shan, Yu-Ping Peng, Pengfei Lei, Jianzhong Xu, Xianliang Zhong and Bo Du

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:21

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Small and large bowel obstructions are responsible for approximately 15% of hospital admissions for acute abdominal pain in the USA and ~ 20% of cases needing acute surgical care. Starting from the analysis of...

    Authors: Fausto Catena, Belinda De Simone, Federico Coccolini, Salomone Di Saverio, Massimo Sartelli and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:20

    Content type: Review

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  38. Over the last decade, damage control surgery (DCS) has been emerging as a feasible alternative for the management of patients with abdominal infection and sepsis. So far, there is no consensus about the role o...

    Authors: Dario Tartaglia, Gianluca Costa, Antonio Camillò, Maurizio Castriconi, Mauro Andreano, Michele Lanza, Pietro Fransvea, Paolo Ruscelli, Massimiliano Rimini, Christian Galatioto and Massimo Chiarugi

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:19

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Severe acute pancreatitis is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Melatonin is known as the activator of antioxidant enzymes. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect of mela...

    Authors: Katharina Grupp, Johannes Erbes, Annika Poppe, Karin Wodack, Andreas Gocht, Constantin Trepte, Jan Havel, Oliver Mann, Jakob R. Izbicki and Kai Bachmann

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:18

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Anastomotic leakage (0–30%) after esophagectomy is a severe complication and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine which treatment for anastomotic leak...

    Authors: Moniek H. P. Verstegen, Stefan A. W. Bouwense, Frans van Workum, Richard ten Broek, Peter D. Siersema, Maroeska Rovers and Camiel Rosman

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:17

    Content type: Review

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  41. The aim of this article is to describe briefly about Chinese ACS surgeons’ work status. It is an undeniable fact that the analysis of ED and ACS resources shows negative tendencies and high work overload, resu...

    Authors: Dequan Xu, Limin Hou and Haoxin Zhou

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:16

    Content type: Commentary

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  42. The prognostic role of what a surgeon observes in the abdomen of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) is largely unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to systemically analyze com...

    Authors: Matti Tolonen, Ville Sallinen, Ari Leppäniemi, Minna Bäcklund and Panu Mentula

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:15

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Determining the presence of an active arterial hemorrhage in the acute phase is important as a treatment strategy in patients with pelvic fracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether coagulation...

    Authors: Makoto Aoki, Takayuki Ogura, Shuichi Hagiwara, Mitsunobu Nakamura and Kiyohiro Oshima

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:14

    Content type: Research article

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  44. According to recently published findings, levels of the soluble receptor of advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and its clearance from the blood may reflect the evolution of lung damage during hospitalizat...

    Authors: Lukas L. Negrin, Robin Ristl, Gabriel Halat, Thomas Heinz and Stefan Hajdu

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:13

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the gold-standard approach for cholecystectomy, has surprisingly variable outcomes and conversion rates. Only recently has operative grading been reported to define disease severi...

    Authors: Michael Sugrue, Federico Coccolini, Magda Bucholc and Alison Johnston

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:12

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Patients suffering from major trauma often experience complications such as sepsis. The early recognition of patients at high risk of sepsis after trauma is critical for precision therapy. We aimed to derive a...

    Authors: Hong-xiang Lu, Juan Du, Da-lin Wen, Jian-hui Sun, Min-jia Chen, An-qiang Zhang and Jian-xin Jiang

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Gallstone disease is very common afflicting 20 million people in the USA. In Europe, the overall incidence of gallstone disease is 18.8% in women and 9.5% in men. The frequency of gallstones related disease in...

    Authors: Michele Pisano, Marco Ceresoli, Stefania Cimbanassi, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Federico Coccolini, Giuseppe Borzellino, Gianluca Costa, Niccolò Allievi, Bruno Amato, Djamila Boerma, Pietro Calcagno, Luca Campanati, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Alberto Casati, Osvaldo Chiara, Antonio Crucitti…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:10

    Content type: Review

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  48. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global health problem. Extracranial hemorrhagic lesions needing emergency surgery adversely affect the outcome of TBI. We conducted an international survey regarding the acute...

    Authors: Edoardo Picetti, Ronald V. Maier, Sandra Rossi, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Walter L. Biffl, Philip F. Stahel, Ernest E. Moore, Yoram Kluger, Gian Luca Baiocchi, Luca Ansaloni, Vanni Agnoletti and Fausto Catena

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:9

    Content type: Research article

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  49. In the last three decades, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has increased in incidence and severity in many countries worldwide. The increase in CDI incidence has been particularly apparent among surgical pa...

    Authors: Massimo Sartelli, Stefano Di Bella, Lynne V. McFarland, Sahil Khanna, Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Nadir Abuzeid, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Goran Augustin, Miklosh Bala, Offir Ben-Ishay, Walter L. Biffl, Stephen M. Brecher, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Miguel A. Caínzos, Shirley Chan…

    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2019 14:8

    Content type: Review

    Published on: