Skip to main content

Table 4 Difference in type of ASPs and related implemented types of interventions in surgical departments and non-surgical departments

From: The Global Alliance for Infections in Surgery: defining a model for antimicrobial stewardship—results from an international cross-sectional survey

Characteristics Surgical departments, n = 136
n (%)
Other departments, n = 19
n (%)
P value Total, n = 155
n (%)
Type of ASPs
- Persuasive interventions 23 (16.9) 7 (36.8) 0.06a 30 (19.4)
- Restrictive interventions 14 (10.3) 3 (15.8) 0.44a 17 (11.0)
- Both 99 (72.8) 9 (47.4) <0.05 108 (69.7)
Type of interventions
- Dissemination of educational materials 85 (62.5) 8 (42.1) 0.15 93 (60.0)
- Reminders 56 (41.2) 8 (42.1) 1.00 64 (41.3)
- Audit and feedback 75 (55.1) 4 (21.1) <0.05 79 (51.0)
- Educational outreach 73 (53.7) 10 (52.6) 1.00 83 (53.6)
- Other persuasive interventions 23 (16.9) 3 (15.8) 1.00a 26 (16.8)
- Compulsory order form 70 (51.5) 7 (36.8) 0.34 77 (49.7)
- Expert approval 83 (61.0) 5 (26.3) <0.05 88 (56.8)
- Restriction by removal 41 (30.1) 2 (10.5) 0.13 43 (27.7)
- Review and make changes 36 (26.5) 1 (5.3) <0.05a 37 (23.9)
- Other restrictive interventions 10 (7.4) 3 (15.8) 0.20a 13 (8.4)
  1. All p values were calculated using two-sided chi-square test unless otherwise noted
  2. ASP antimicrobial stewardship program
  3. aCalculated using two-sided Fisher’s exact test