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  1. Experience with management of drug-packers (mules) is variable among different centres. However, despite a recorded increase in drug trafficking in general, as yet, no unified, clear guidelines exist to guide ...

    Authors: J Kelly, M Corrigan, RA Cahill and HP Redmond
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:9
  2. Scientific literature may be biased because of the internal validity of studies being compromised by different forms of measurement error, and/or because of the selective reporting of positive and 'statistical...

    Authors: Stefania Boccia, Giuseppe La Torre, Roberto Persiani, Domenico D'Ugo, Cornelia M van Duijn and Gualtiero Ricciardi
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:7
  3. Heart chambers rupture in blunt trauma is uncommon and is associated with a high mortality. The determinant factors, and the incidence of isolated heart chambers rupture remains undetermined. Isolated rupture ...

    Authors: Adoniram M Figueiredo, Renato S Poggetti, Fabio G Quintavalle, Belchor Fontes, Moise Dalva, Riad N Younes, Fabio B Jatene and Dario Birolini
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:5
  4. The best method for radiographic "clearance" of the cervical spine in obtunded patients prior to removal of cervical immobilization devices remains debated. Dynamic radiographs or MRI are thought to demonstrat...

    Authors: Craig H Rabb, Jeffrey L Johnson, David VanSickle, Kathryn Beauchamp, Gene Bolles and Ernest E Moore
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:4
  5. Hospital mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) remains high. Some of these patients develop increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) which may contribute to organ dysfunction. The aims of ...

    Authors: Paivi Keskinen, Ari Leppaniemi, Ville Pettila, Anneli Piilonen, Esko Kemppainen and Marja Hynninen
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:2
  6. Neurotrauma represents a significant public health problem, accounting for a significant proportion of the morbidity and mortality associated with all traumatic injuries. Both blunt and penetrating injuries to...

    Authors: Charles E Ray Jr, Shaun C Spalding, C Clay Cothren, Wei-Shin Wang, Ernest E Moore and Stephen P Johnson
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2007 2:1
  7. Ischemia is the most important factor compromises wound healing in colonic anastomosis. Mesenteric vessels are ligated at first while performing colonic resection and following anastomosis. Therefore blood sup...

    Authors: Ziya Cetinkaya, Kazim Esen, Ibrahim Hanefi Ozercan, Bilal Ustundag, Refik Ayten and Erhan Aygen
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:37
  8. Very few cases of severe penetrating injuries to the skull base with a seemingly innocuous object have been described in the literature. Of the cases reported, only ten involve a penetrating screwdriver. Howev...

    Authors: Antonio De Tommasi, Pasquale Cascardi, Claudio De Tommasi, Sabino Luzzi and Pasqualino Ciappetta
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:36
  9. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen is an uncommon dramatic abdominal emergency that requires immediate diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment to ensure the patients survival. Infections have been cited in most...

    Authors: Saptarshi Biswas, Judith Keddington and James McClanathan
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:35
  10. Bombings and explosion incidents directed against innocent civilians are the primary instrument of global terror. In the present review we highlight the major observations and lessons learned from these events...

    Authors: Ami Mayo and Yoram Kluger
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:33
  11. A trauma registry is an integral component of modern comprehensive trauma care systems. Trauma registries have not been established in most developing countries, and where they exist are often rudimentary and ...

    Authors: Benedict C Nwomeh, Wendi Lowell, Renae Kable, Kathy Haley and Emmanuel A Ameh
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:32
  12. Acute abdominal pain is a leading symptom in many surgical emergency patients. Laparoscopy allows for accurate diagnosis and immediate therapy of many intraabdominal pathologies. The guidelines of the EAES (Eu...

    Authors: Edmund AM Neugebauer and Stefan Sauerland
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:31
  13. Penetrating chest injuries account for 1–13% of thoracic trauma hospital admissions and most of these are managed with a conservative approach. Nevertheless, 18–30% of cases managed only with tube thoracostomy...

    Authors: Massimiliano Paci, Guglielmo Ferrari, Valerio Annessi, Salvatore de Franco, Guido Guasti and Giorgio Sgarbi
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:30
  14. Major trauma induces marked metabolic changes which contribute to the systemic immune suppression in severely injured patients and increase the risk of infection and posttraumatic organ failure. The hypercatab...

    Authors: Erik Hasenboehler, Allison Williams, Iris Leinhase, Steven J Morgan, Wade R Smith, Ernest E Moore and Philip F Stahel
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:29
  15. Perforation peritonitis is the most common surgical emergency in India. The spectrum of etiology of perforation in Tropical countries continues to be different from its Western counterpart. The objective of the s...

    Authors: Rajender Singh Jhobta, Ashok Kumar Attri, Robin Kaushik, Rajeev Sharma and Anupam Jhobta
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:26
  16. Peritonitis is a common surgical emergency. This manuscript will provide an overview of recent developments in the management of peritonitis in the Western world. Emphasis is placed on the emergence of new tre...

    Authors: Mark A Malangoni and Tazo Inui
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:25
  17. Emergency laparoscopic surgery allows both the evaluation of acute abdominal pain and the treatment of many common acute abdominal disorders. This review critically evaluates the current evidence base for the ...

    Authors: Oliver Warren, James Kinross, Paraskevas Paraskeva and Ara Darzi
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:24
  18. There are no guidelines governing the concomitant use of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC) and deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (DVT/PE) prophylaxis in critically ill patients. It is unkno...

    Authors: Bernard J Benedetto and Michael A Houston
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:23
  19. Tuberculosis of the appendix remains a rarity despite the frequency of intestinal tuberculosis. We report a case of acute appendicitis that underwent appendectomy at our hospital, and the histopathology of the...

    Authors: Sanjay Gupta, Robin Kaushik, Amanjit Kaur and Ashok Kumar Attri
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:22
  20. Spontaneous perforations of the biliary tract are rare in adults and even more so during pregnancy. Perforation of the gall bladder is a potentially fatal complication of cholecystitis. The infrequency of perf...

    Authors: Nikhil Talwar, Manoj Andley, Bina Ravi and Ajay Kumar
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:21
  21. The use of antibiotics in acute pancreatitis despite recent clinical trials remains controversial. The aim of this study is to review the latest clinical trials and guidelines about antibiotics in acute pancre...

    Authors: Tercio De Campos, Jose Cesar Assef and Samir Rasslan
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:20
  22. Immune dysfunction can provoke (multiple) organ failure in severely injured patients. This dysfunction manifests in two forms, which follow a biphasic pattern. During the first phase, in addition to the injury...

    Authors: F Hietbrink, L Koenderman, GT Rijkers and LPH Leenen
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:15
  23. The primary treatment of hemorrhagic shock is control of the source of bleeding as soon as possible and fluid replacement. In controlled hemorrhagic shock (CHS) where the source of bleeding has been occluded f...

    Authors: Michael M Krausz
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:14
  24. Peritonitis is a common emergency encountered by surgeons the world over. This paper aims to provide an overview of the spectrum of peritonitis seen in the East. Studies dealing with the overall spectrum of se...

    Authors: Sanjay Gupta and Robin Kaushik
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:13
  25. Preventable trauma deaths are defined as deaths which could be avoided if optimal care has been delivered. Studies on preventable trauma deaths have been accomplished initially with panel reviews of pre-hospit...

    Authors: Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Alessio Pitidis and Sergio Vesconi
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:12
  26. Treatment of a number of complications that occur after abdominal surgeries may require that Urgent Abdominal Re-explorations (UARs), the life-saving and obligatory operations, are performed. The objectives of...

    Authors: Haluk Recai Unalp, Erdinc Kamer, Haldun Kar, Ahmet Bal, Mustafa Peskersoy and Mehmet Ali Onal
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:10
  27. Laparoscopy has became as the preferred surgical approach to a number of different diseases because it allows a correct diagnosis and treatment at the same time. In abdominal emergencies, both components of tr...

    Authors: Ferdinando Agresta, Luigi Francesco Ciardo, Giorgio Mazzarolo, Ivan Michelet, Guido Orsi, Giuseppe Trentin and Natalino Bedin
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:9
  28. Abdominal cocoon is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. The abdominal cocoon is probably a developmental abnormality, largely asymptomatic, and is found incidentally at laparotomy or autopsy. Pre-operative...

    Authors: Ali O Devay, Ismail Gomceli, Birol Korukluoglu and Ahmet Kusdemir
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:8
  29. There is still confusion and controversy over the diagnosis and optimal surgical treatment of non traumatic terminal ileal perforation-a cause of obscure peritonitis.

    Authors: Rauf A Wani, Fazl Q Parray, Nadeem A Bhat, Mehmood A Wani, Tasaduq H Bhat and Fowzia Farzana
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:7
  30. The role of free oxygen radicals in inflammatory conditions is well known. Free radicals cause lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes resulting in cell death. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...

    Authors: Mehmet Ozdogan, Ali Onder Devay, Ahmet Gurer, Eren Ersoy, Seda Duygulu Devay, Hakan Kulacoglu and Haldun Gundogdu
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:6
  31. The consequence of the low rate of penetrating injuries in Europe and the increase in non-operative management of blunt trauma is a decrease in surgeons' confidence in managing traumatic injuries has led to th...

    Authors: Gregorio Tugnoli, Sergio Ribaldi, Marco Casali, Stefano M Calderale, Massimo Coletti, Marco Alifano, Sergio N Forti Parri, Silvia Villani, Andrea Biscardi, M Chiara Giordano and Franco Baldoni
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:5
  32. The management of penetrating abdominal stab wounds has been the subject of continued reappraisal and controversy. In the present study a novel method which combines the use of diagnostic laparoscopy and DPL, ...

    Authors: Michael M Krausz, Benyamine Abbou, Dan D Hershko, Ahmad Mahajna, Daniel S Duek, Bishara Bishara and Shlomo H Israelit
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:3
  33. A pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta is an unusual and potentially fatal complication after aortic surgical operations. TEE and CT scan are the investigations of choice. Surgical treatment is mandatory. We ...

    Authors: Stefano Auriemma, Paolo Magagna, Ayman Sallam, Nicola Lamascese and Alessandro Fabbri
    Citation: World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2006 1:2